Most Commons 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Most Commons 3 Deck (50)
1

Fanconi's syndrome

Proximal tubular reabsorption defect

2

Fat, female, forty, and fertile

Acute cholecystitis

3

Fatty liver

Alcoholism

4

Ferruginous bodies

Asbestosis

5

Gardner's syndrome

Colon polyps with osteomas and soft tissue tumors

6

Gaucher's disease

Glucocerebrosidase deficiency

7

Ghon focus

Primary TB

8

Gilbert's syndrome

Benign congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia

9

Glanzmann's thrombasthenia

Defect in platelet aggregation

10

Goodpasture's syndrome

Autoantibodies against alveolar and glomerular basement membrane proteins

11

Gowers' maneuver

Duchenne's (use of patient's arms to help legs pick self off the floor)

12

Guillain-Barre syndrome

Idiopathic polyneuritis

13

Hair-on-end appearance on x-ray

Beta-thalassemia, sickle cell anemia (extramedullary hematopoiesis)

14

Hand-Schuller-Christian disease

Chronic progressive histiocytosis

15

HbF

Thalassemia major

16

HbS

Sickle cell anemia

17

hCG elevated

Choriocarcinoma, hydatidiform mole (occurs with and without embryo)

18

Heberden's nodes

Osteoarthritis (DIP swelling secondary to osteophytes)

19

Heinz bodies

G6PD deficiency

20

Henoch-Schonlein purpura

Hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URIs

21

Heterophil antibodies

Infectious mononucleosis (EBV)

22

High-output cardiac failure (dilated cardiomyopathy)

Wet beriberi (thiamine, vitamin B1 deficiency)

23

HLA-B27

Reiter's syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis

24

HLA-DR3 or -DR4

Diabetes mellitus type 1 (caused by autoimmune destruction of beta cells)

25

Homer Wright rosettes

Neuroblastoma

26

Honeycomb lung on x-ray

Interstitial fibrosis

27

Horner's syndrome

Ptosis, miosis, and anhidrosis

28

Howell-Jolly bodies

Splenectomy (or nonfunctional spleen)

29

Huntington's disease

Caudate degeneration (autosomal dominant)

30

Hyperphagia + hypersexuality + hyperorality + hyperdocility

Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala)

31

Hyperpigmentation of skin

Primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease)

32

Hypersegmented neutrophils

Macrocytic anemia

33

Hypertension + hypokalemia

Conn's syndrome

34

Hypochromic microcytosis

Iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning

35

Increased alpha-fetoprotein in amniotic fluid/maternal serum

Anencephaly, spina bifida (neural tube defects)

36

Increased uric acid levels

Gout, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders, loop and thiazide diuretics

37

Intussusception

Adenovirus (causes hyperplasia of Peyer's patches)

38

Janeway lesions

Endocarditis

39

Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction

Syphilis - overaggressive treatment of an asymptomatic patient that causes symptoms due to rapid lysis

40

Job's syndrome

Neutrophil chemotaxis abnormality

41

Kaposi's sarcoma

AIDS in MSM (men who have sex with men)

42

Kartagener's syndrome

Dynein defect

43

Kayser-Fleischer rings

Wilson's disease

44

Keratin pearls

Squamous cell carcinoma

45

Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules

Diabetic nephropathy

46

Kluver-Bucy syndrome

Bilateral amygdala lesions

47

Koilocytes

HPV

48

Koplik spots

Measles

49

Krukenberg tumor

Gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases

50

Kussmaul hyperpnea

Diabetic ketoacidosis