Most Commons 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Most Commons 6 Deck (64)
1

Addisons

Autoimmune (2nd infection)

2

AMI - children

Kawasaki disease

3

Aneurysm

Abdominal aorta

4

Aneurysm of Circle of Willis

Anterior communicating a. --> bitemporal hemianopsia

5

AV fistula

Penetrating knife wound.

6

Blindness

Diabetic retinopathy

7

Blindness - preventable

Chlamydia

8

Breast Mass

Fibrocystic Change Carcinoma is the most common is post-menopausal women

9

Bug in Acute Endocarditis

Staph aureus

10

Bug in Bacterial Arthritis in young Adults

Neisseria ghonorrhea

11

Bug in Bacterial Meningitis - elderly

Strep pneumoniae

12

Bug in Bacterial Meningitis - newborns

E. coli

13

Bug in Bacterial Meningitis - toddlers

Hib

14

Bug in Bacterial Meningitis - young adults

Neisseria meningitidis

15

Bug in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia pt

Klebsiella

16

Bug in Epiglottitis

Hib

17

Bug in food poisoning

Staph aureus

18

Bug in GI Tract

Bacteroides, E. coli

19

Bug in IV drug user bacteremia / pneumonia

Staph aureus

20

Bug in opportunistic infection of AIDS

CMV Pneumocystis carinii is most common overall

21

Bug in PID

N. Gonnorrhoeae or Chlamydia

22

Bug in Pneumonia - Community - typical

Strep pneumoniae, H. influenza, Klebsiella

23

Bug in Pneumonia - Hospital aquired

Klebsiella, Psuedomonas, E. coli

24

Bug in Pneumonia - Community - atypical

Mycoplasma, Legionella

25

Bug in Subacute Endocarditis

Strep Viridans

26

Cancer - Leukemia - <14 yo

ALL

27

Cancer - Leukemia - >60 yo

CLL

28

Cancer - Leukemia - 15-39yo

AML

29

Cancer - Leukemia - 40-60 yo

CML

30

Cancer in Gynecologic - malignancy

Endometrial Carcinoma

31

Cancer in Infancy

Hemangioma

32

Cancer in Kids

Leukemia, Medulloblastoma of brain, cerebellum

33

Cancer in Men

Prostate CA

34

Cancer in Women

Leiomyoma aka fibroids

35

Cancer in Women - malignant

Breast CA

36

Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla - adults

Pheochromocytoma

37

Cancer of the Adrenal Medulla - kids

Neuroblastoma

38

Cancer of the Appendix Carcinoid - rare

Metastasis

39

Cancer of the Bone

Metasteses from Breast and Prostate

40

Cancer of the Bone - primary - adults

Multiple Myeloma

41

Cancer of the Brain - Child

Medulloblastoma (cerebellum)

42

Cancer of the Brain - Adult

Astrocytoma (including Glioblastoma Multiforme) then mets, meningioma, Schwannoma

43

Cancer of the Breast

Infiltrating ductal adenocarcinoma

44

Cancer of the Connective Tissue - benign

Lipoma

45

Cancer of the Esophagus

Leiomyoma

46

Cancer of the Esophagus

SCCA

47

Cancer of the Esophagus - malignant

SCC > adenocarcinoma

48

Cancer of the Heart - adults

Metasteses

49

Cancer of the Heart - Primary - adults

Myxoma - Ball Valve

- scattered cells w/ mucopolysaccharide stroma

50

Cancer of the Heart - Primary - kids

Rhabdomyoma

51

Cause of death post-MI or in SCD

V-Fib

52

Cancer of the liver - benign

Cavernous hemangioma

- Cystic blood filled spaces
- Bx --> fatal hemorrhage

53

Cancer of the liver that regresses w/ discontinued use of OCPs

Hepatic adenoma

54

Cancer of the kidney

Renal cell carcinoma - clear cell

- sheets/rows of cuboidal cells w/ clear center (looks almost like adipose)

55

Renal vascular injury

HTN nephrosclerosis

- intimal fibroplasia, arteriolar hyalinization, fibrosis (looks like a shrunken onion of a glomerulus)

56

Tumor of the appendix

Carcinoid

Tx = octreotide

57

Pancreatic cancer risks

Smoking
Obesity

58

Renal cancer risks

Smoking
Obesity
HTN

59

Gastric cancer risks

Nitrates
etOH, smoking
H. pylori.

60

Bladder cancer risks

Smoking
Occupational - runner, dyes, leather, textiles
Schistosoma

61

Liver cancer risks

HBV
HCV
Cirrhosis
Hemochromatosis
Aflatoxin

62

Breast cancer risks

Early menarche
Late menopause
Nulliparity
BRCA mutations

63

Colorectal cancer risks

HNPCC
IBD
Obesity
Charred & fried foods

64

Prostate cancer risks

Inc age
African American