Most Commons 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Most Commons 5 Deck (76)
1

Pseudopalisade tumor cell arrangement

Glioblastoma multiforme

2

Pseudorosettes

Ewing's sarcoma

3

Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis

Horner's syndrome (Pancoast's tumor)

4

Rash on palms and soles

Secondary syphilis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever

5

Raynaud's syndrome

Recurrent vasospasm in extremities

6

RBC casts in urine

Acute glomerulonephritis

7

Recurrent pulmonary Pseudomonas and S. aureus infections

Cystic fibrosis

8

Red urine in the morning

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

9

Reed-Sternberg cells

Hodgkin's lymphoma

10

Reid index (increased)

Chronic bronchitis

11

Reinke crystals

Leydig cell tumor

12

Reiter's syndrome

Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis

13

Renal cell carcinoma + cavernous hemangiomas + adenomas

von Hippel-Lindau disease

14

Renal epithelial casts in urine

Acute toxic/viral nephrosis

15

Rhomboid crystals, positively birefringent

Pseudogout

16

Rib notching

Coarctation of aorta

17

Roth's spots in retina

Endocarditis

18

Rotor's syndrome

Congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia

19

Rouleaux formation (RBCs)

Multiple myeloma

20

Russell bodies

Multiple myeloma

21

S3

Left-to-right shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD), mitral regurgitation, LV failure (CHF)

22

S4

Aortic stenosis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis

23

Schiller-Duval bodies

Yolk sac tumor

24

Senile plaques

Alzheimer's disease

25

Sezary syndrome

Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

26

Sheehan's syndrome

Postpartum pituitary necrosis

27

Shwartzman reaction

Neisseria meningitidis

28

Signet-ring cells

Gastric carcinoma

29

Simian crease

Down syndrome

30

Sipple's syndrome

MEN type IIa

31

Sjogren's syndrome

Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis

32

Skip lesions

Crohn's

33

Slapped cheeks

Erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)

34

Smith antigen

SLE

35

Smudge cell

CLL

36

Soap bubble on x-ray

Giant cell tumor of bone

37

Spike and dome on EM

Membranous glomerulonephritis

38

Spitz nevus

Benign juvenile melanoma

39

Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails

Endocarditis

40

Starry-sky pattern

Burkitt's lymphoma

41

Strawberry tongue

Scarlet fever

42

Streaky ovaries

Turner's syndrome

43

String sign on x-ray

Crohn's disease

44

Subepithelial humps on EM

Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

45

Suboccipital lymphadenopathy

Rubella

46

Sulfur granules

Actinomyces israelii

47

Swollen gums, bruising, poor wound healing, anemia

Scurvy (ascorbic acid, vitamin C deficiency) - vitamin C is necessary for hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen synthesis

48

Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)

Aortic valve stenosis

49

t(8;14)

Burkitt's lymphoma (c-myc activation)

50

t(9;22)

Philadelphia chromosome, CML (bcr-abl hybrid)

51

t(14;18)

Follicular lymphomas (bcl-2 activation)

52

Tabes dorsalis

Tertiary syphilis

53

Tendon xanthomas (classically Achilles)

Familial hypercholesterolemia

54

Thumb sign on lateral x-ray

Epiglottitis (Haemophilus influenzae)

55

Thyroidization of kidney

Chronic bacterial pyelonephritis

56

Tophi

Gout

57

Tram-track appearance on LM

Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis

58

Trousseau's sign

Visceral cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory thrombophlebitis), hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)

59

Virchow's node

Left supraclavicular node enlargement from metastatic carcinoma of the stomach

60

Virchow's triad

Pulmonary embolism (triad = blood stasis, endothelial damage, hypercoagulation)

61

von Recklinghausen's disease

Neurofibromatosis with cafe-au-lait spots

62

von Recklinghausen's disease of bone

Osteitis fibrosa cystica ("brown tumor")

63

Wallenberg's syndrome

PICA thrombosis

64

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome

Adrenal hemorrhage associated with meningococcemia

65

Waxy casts

Chronic end-stage renal disease

66

WBC casts in urine

Acute pyelonephritis

67

WBCs in urine

Acute cystitis

68

Wermer's syndrome

MEN type I

69

Whipple's disease

Malabsorption syndrome caused by Tropheryma whippelii

70

Wilson's disease

Hepatolenticular degeneration

71

Wire loop appearance on LM

Lupus nephropathy

72

Worst headache of my life

Berry aneurysm - associated with adult polycystic kidney disease

73

Xanthochromia (CSF)

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

74

Xerostomia + arthritis + keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Sjogren's syndrome

75

Zenker's diverticulum

Upper GI diverticulum

76

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

Gastrin-secreting tumor associated with ulcers