Unit 3, Chapter 20 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3, Chapter 20 Deck (14):
1

Fort Sumter

South Carolina location where confederate forces fired the first shots of the civil war in April of 1861, after Union forces attempted to provision the fort

2

Border states

5 slave states (Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia) that did not secede during the civil war
-to keep the states in the Union, Lincoln insisted that the war was not about abolishing slavery but rather protecting the union

3

West Virginia (admitted to the Union 1863)

Mountainous region that broke away from Virginia in 1861 to form its own state after Virginia seceded from the Union
-most of the residents were independent farmers and miners who did not own slaves and the confederate cause

4

trent affair (1861)

diplomatic row that threatened to bring the British into the civil war on the side of the confederacy, after a Union warship stopped a british steamer and arrested 2 confederate diplomats on board

5

Alabama (1862-1864)

British-built and manned confederate warship that raided Union shipping during the Confederacy despite Union protests

6

Laird rams (1863)

2 well-armed ironclad war-ships constructed for the confederacy by a british firm
-seeking to avoid war with the United States, the British government purchased the 2 ships for its royal navy instead

7

Dominion of Canada (established 1867)

unified canadian government created by britian to booster canadians against potential attacks or overtures from the US

8

writ of habeas corpus

petition requiring law enforcement officers to present detained individuals before the court to examine the legality of the arrest
-protects individuals from arbitrary state action
-suspended by lincoln during the civil war

9

New York draft riots (1863)

uprising, mostly of working-class iris Americans, in protest of the draft
-rioters were particularly increased by the ability of the rich to hire substitutes or purchase exemptions

10

morril tariff act (1861)

increased duties back up to 1846 levels to raise revenue for the civil war

11

greenbacks

paper currency issued by the Union treaty during th civil war
-inadequately supported by gold
-greenbacks fluctuated in value throughout the war, reaching a low 39 cents on the dollar

12

National Banking system (1863)

Network of member banks that could issue currency against purchased government bonds
-created during the civil war to establish a stable national currency and stimulate the sale of war bonds

13

Homestead act (1862)

a federal law that sold settlers 160 acres of land for about $30 if they lived on it for 5 years and improved it by, for instance, building a house on it
-helped make land accessible to 100s of 1000s of westward moving settlers, but man people also found disappointment when their land was infertile or saw speculators getting best land

14

US sanitary commission (established 1861)

government agency founded with the help of Elizabeth Blakwell that trained nurses, collected medical supplies, and equipped hospitals in an effort to help the Union Army
-helped professionalize nursing and gave many women the confidence and organizational skills to propel the women's movement in the post war years