Unit 2, Chapter 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2, Chapter 13 Deck (19):

Spoils system

Policy of rewarding political supporters with public office, first widely employed at the federal level by Andrew Jackson
-widely abused by unscrupulous office seekers
-helped cement party loyalty in the emerging 2-party system


Tariff of abomination
(What? Who opposed this tariffs?)

(1828) unpredictably high duties on imports
-south opposed the tariff, arguing it hurt southern farmers, who didn't enjoy protection of tariffs, but were forced to pay higher prices for manufacturers


Nullification crisis

(1832-1833) showdown between Andrew Jackson and the South Carolina legislature
-South Carolina declared the 1832 tariff null and void in the state and threatened succession if the federal government tried to collect duties
-resolved with a compromise negotiated by Henry clay in 1833


compromise tariff of 1833

passed as a measure to resolve the Nullification Crisis
-tariffs would be lowered gradually over the course of 10 years


force bill

(1833) authorize the president to use the military to collect federal tariff duties
-passed alongside the compromise of 1833


trail of tears
(Who? Where?)

(1838-1839) forced march of 15,000 cherokee indians from their georgia and Alabama homes to indian territory


black hawk war
(Between who? Where?)

(1832) series of clashes in Illinois and Wisconsin between American forces and indian chief black hawk o the saux and fox tribes, who unsuccessfully tried to reclaim territory lost under the 1830 indian removal act


indian removal act

(1830) ordered the removal of indian tribes still residing east of the Mississippi to newly established indian territory west of Arkansas and Missouri
-tribes resisting eviction were forcibly removed by american forces


Bank war

(1832) battle between president Andrew jackson adn congressional supporters of the bank of the united states over the Bank's renewal
-Jackson vetoed the bank bill, arguing that the bank favored moneyed interests t the expense of western farmers


anti-masonic party

(Established ca. 1826) gained considerable influence in New England and the mid-atlantic during the 1832 election, campaigning against the politically influential masonic order, a secret society
-founded in New York
-Anti-masons opposed Andrew Jackson, a mason, and drew much of their support from evangelical protestants


pet banks

popular term for pro-jackson state banks that received the bulk of federal deposits when jackson moved to dismantle the bank in 1833


panic of 1837

economic crisis triggered by bank failures, elevated grain prices, and jackson's efforts to curb over speculation on western lands and transportation improvements
-in response, president martin van buren proposed the "divorce bill"


specie circular

(1836) required all public lands be purchased with "hard," or metallic currency
-issued after small banks flooded the market with unreliable paper currency


"divorce bill"

pulled treasury funds out of the banking system altogether, contracting the credit supply



fortress in Texas where 200 american volunteers were slain by santa anna in 1836


(Where? What?)

Texas outpost where american volunteers were massacred by Mexican forces inn 1836
-the incident, along with the slaughter of the Alamo, fueled american support for Texan independence


battle of san Jacinto

resulted in the capture of Mexican dictator santa anna, who was forced to withdraw his troops from Texas and recognize the Rio grande as Texas's southwestern border


Corrupt bargain
(Who? What?)

Alleged deal between presidential candidates John Quincey Adams and Henry clay to throw the election to be decided by the house of reps in Adams favor


Andrew Jackson

Common man's president or King Andrew
-Held grudges
-as president-very distrustful in monopolies and the rich
-support of planter elite and frontiersman