Unit 1, Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

Apush > Unit 1, Chapter 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1, Chapter 8 Deck (18):
1

Battle of bunker hill

(June 1775) fought on the outskirts of Boston on breeds hill
-the battle ended in the colonial militias retreat though at a heavy cost to the British

2

Olive branch petition

(July 1775) conciliatory Measure adopted by the Continental Congress professing American loyalty and seeking an end to the hostilities
-rejected by King George and proclaimed the colonies in rebellion

3

Hessians

German troops hired from their princes by George III to aid in putting down the colonial insurrection

4

Common sense

(1776) Thomas Paine's pamphlet urging the Connies to declare independence and establish a republican government
-help the colonists support the revolution
-One of the most influential pamphlet ever written
-Independence not reconciliation

5

Declaration of Independence

(July 4, 1776) formal pronouncement of independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson and approved by Congress
-served as inspiration for later revolutionary movements worldwide

6

Declaration of the rights of man

(1789) declaration of rights adopted during the French Revolution
-modeled after the American declaration

7

Loyalists

American colonists who oppose the revolution and maintain their loyalty to the king
-"Tories"-named after dominant politician all factions in Britain

8

Patriots

Colonists who supported the American revolution
-"Whigs"-named after opposition factions in Britain

9

Battle of Long Island

(August 1776) Battle for the control of New York

10

Battle of Trenton

(December 1776) George Washington surprised and captured a garrison of sleeping German hessians raising the morality of his crestfallen army and setting the stage for his Victory at Princeton a week later

11

Battle of Saratoga

(December 1777) decisive colonial victory in upstate New York which helped secure French support for the revolutionary cause

12

Model treaty

(1776) sample treaty drafted by the continental Congress as a guide for American diplomats
-reflected the Americans desire to foster commercial partnerships rather than political or military entanglements

13

Armed neutrality

(1780) loose alliance of nonbelligerent in naval power, organized by Russia's Catherine the great to protect neutral trading rights during the war for American independence

14

Treaty of fort stanwix

(1784) treaty signed by the United States as the pro British Iroquois granting Ohio country to the Americans

15

Privateers

Privately owned armed ships authorized by Congress to pray on enemy shipping during the revolutionary war

16

Battle of Yorktown

(October 1781) George Washington, with the aid of the French army, besieged Cornwallis at Yorktown while the French naval fleet prevented British reinforcements from coming ashore
-Cornwallis surrendered

17

Treaty of Paris

(1783) peace treaty signed by Britain and the united states ending the revolutionary war
-Americans repaid British depts

18

Second continental congress

(1775-1781)representative body of delegates from all 13 colonies
-drafted the Declaration of Independence