Unit 5, Chapter 29 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5, Chapter 29 Deck (46):
1

Federal Reserve Act

(1913) An act establishing twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks and a Federal Reserve Board, appointed by the president, to regulate banking and create stability on a national scale in the volatile banking sector.

2

Clayton Anti-Trust Act

(1914) Law extending the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and exempting labor unions and agricultural org. from antimonopoly constraints.

3

Federal Trade Commission Act

(1914) During Woodrow's presidency, empowered a commission, appointed by the president, to investigate illegal business practices, in interstate commerce.

4

Holding Companies

Companies that owned part of or all of another companies' stocks in order to extend monopoly control. Often they did not produce goods or services of its own, but only to control another.

5

Underwood Tariff

Provided for a substantial reduction of rates and enacted an unprecedented, graduated federal income tax. By 1917, revenue had surpassed the receipts from the tariff.

6

Workingmen's Compensation Act

(1916) Passed under Wilsom, granted assistance to federal civil-service employees during periods of disability.

7

Adamson Act

(1916) Established 8-hr days for all employees on trains involved in interstate commerce, with extra pay for overtime.

8

Jones Act

(1916) Law according territorial status to the Philippines and promising independence as soon as a "stable gov." could be established.

9

Tampico Incident

(1914) An arrest of American sailors by the Mexican Gov. that spurred Wilson to dispatch the Navy to seize the port of Veracruz.though war was avoided, it created high tensions.

10

Central Powers

Germany and Austria-Hungary, later joined by Turkey and Bulgaria, made up this alliance against the Allies.

11

Allies

Great Britain, Russia, and France, later joined by Italy, Japan, and the US, formed alliance against the Central Powers.

12

U-boats

German submarines, named for the German Unterseeboat, proved deadly for Allied ships in the war zone.

13

Lusitania

British passenger liner that sank after it was torpedoed by Germany on May 7, 1915. There was 1,198 people killed, 128 of them American.

14

Zimmerman Note

(1917) German foreign secretary Arthur Simmer,an had secretly proposed a German-Mexican alliance against the US. It was intercepted and published publicly, pushing Americans to enter the war.

15

Fourteen Points

(1918) Wilson's proposal to ensure peace after WWI, calling for an end to secret treaties, widespread arms reduction, national self-determination, and a new league of nations.

16

Committee on Public Information

(1917) A Gov. office during WWI known popularly as the Creel Committee for its chairman George Creel, it was dedicated to winning everyday Americans' support for the war effort. It regularly distributed pro war propaganda, "four-minute men" to rally crowds and deliver "patriotic pep".

17

Espionage Act

(1917) A law prohibiting interference with the draft and other acts of national "disloyalty". Together with the Sedition Act (1918), which added penalties for abusing the gov. in writing, it created a climate that was unfriendly to civil liberties.

18

Schenck v. US

(1919) Supreme Court decision that upheld the Espionage and Sedition Acts, reasoning that freedom of speech could be curtailed when it posed a "clear and present danger" to the nation.

19

War Industries Board

(1917) Headed by Bernard Baruch, this federal agency coordinated industrial production during WWI, setting production quotas, allocating raw materials, and pushing companies to increase efficiency and eliminate waste.

20

Industrial Workers of the World

(1905) A radical organization that sought to build "one big Union" and advocated industrial sabotage in defense of that goal. Appealed to migratory workers in agriculture, lumbering, and mining that suffered bad conditions.

21

Great Migration

Two large waves of Blacks moving from the south to the north and west.
1) During WWI 1.5 million
2) 1940-70 5 million

22

Nineteenth Amendment

(1920) Allowed women the right to vote

23

Shepherd-Towner Maternity Act

(1921) Provided federally financed instruction in maternal and infant health care and expanded the role of gov. in family welfare.

24

American Expeditinary Forces

Name given to the US Army Force deployed to Europe in WWI commanded by General John J. Pershing and composed mostly of draftees.

25

Battle of Château-Thierry

(1918) First significant engagement of American troops in WWI -and in any European war.

26

Meuse-Argonne Offensive

(Sept. 26-Nov. 11, 1918) Pershing led American troops in this effort to cut Germany railroads that were supplying the western front.

27

League of Nations

(1919) World organization of national gov'ts. proposed by Wilson and established by the Treaty of Versailles. It worked to facilitate peaceful international cooperation.

28

Treaty of Versailles

(1919) Signed after six months of negotiation in France's palace, it established the terms of settlement of WWI between Germany and the Allied powers. It blamed Germany for the war and used that as justification for disarmament and saddling Germany with heavy reparation payments to the Allied powers.

29

Irreconcilables

Led by senators William Borah and Hiram Johnson, it was a hardcore group of militant isolationist who opposed the League.

30

Woodrow wilson

-use the presidency to preach it inspirational political sermons
-"triple wall of privilege"

31

Woodrow Wilson's triple Wall of privilege

1) summoning Congress into a special session in early 1913
2) antiquared and inadequated banking and curency
3) trusts

32

Federal farm loan act of 1916 (populist)

-made credits available to farmers at low rate of interest

33

Warehouse act of 1916 (populist)

-authorized loans on the security of stable crops

34

Laffolette seaman's act of 1915

-aquiring decent treatments and living wage on American merchant ships

35

Louis d. Brandais

-first Jew to be nominated for the Supreme Court

36

Francisco villa

-Mexican revolutionary general
-One of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution

37

Aurthur zimmerman

-secretly proposed a German Mexican alliance

38

14 points of Wilson

2) freedom of the seas appealed to the Germans as well as Americans
3) removal of economic barriers among nations
5) adjustment of colonial claims
14) foreshadowed the league of Nations

39

George creel

- Head of the committee on public information
-his job was to sell America on the war and sell the world and wilsonian war aims

40

Eugene v. Debs

-tried under espionage act in 1918 and was sentenced to 10 years in the federal penitentiary

41

William d. haywood

-leader of industrial workers of the world

42

Herbert hoover

- Head of the food administration
-rejected issuing ration cards and used propaganda instead

43

Henry cabot lodge

- known as the scholar and politics
-senator from Massachusetts

44

Big four

-America, Italy, britain, france

45

Causes of World War I

1) militarism-countries Florida fine defenses and not trusting each other
2) alliances-Central Powers vs tripleentente-allies
3) imperialism-colonial empires
4)nationalism-belief of self determination

46

What brought the US into World War I

1) trade
2)sinking of the Lusitina
3) unrestricted submarine warfare
4) Zimmerman note