Unit 3, Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3, Chapter 17 Deck (14)
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Tariff of 1842

Protective measure passed by congressional Whigs, raising tariffs to pre-compromise tariff of 1833 rates



(1837) diplomatic row between the United States and Britain
-developed after British troops set fire to an American steamer carrying supplies across the Niagra River to Canadian insurgents, during Canada's short-lived insurrection



(1841) American ship captured by a group of rebelling Virginia slaves
-slaves successfully sought asylum in the Bahamas, raising fears among southern planters that the British West Indies would become a safe haven for the runaway slaves


Aroostook war

(Began 1839) series of clashes between American and Canadian lumberjacks in the disputed territory of northern Maine


Manifest destiny

(1840s and 1850s) belief that he United States was destined by God to spread its "empire of Liberty" across North America
-served as a justification for mid-19th century expansion


"54, 40 or fight"

(1846) slogan adopted by mid-19th century expansionists who advocated the occupation of Oregon territory, jointly held by Britain and the United States
-president Polk had pledged to seize all of Oregon, to a 53degrees to 40degrees, he settled on the 49th parallel as a compromise with the British


Liberty party

(1840-1848) antislavery party that ran candidates in the 1840 and 1844 elections before merging with the free soil party
-supporters sought the eventual abolition of slavery, into the territories and abolish the domestic slave trade


Walker tariff

(1846) revenue-enhancing measure that lowered tariffs from 1842 levels
-fueled trade and increased treasury receipts


Spot resolutions

(1846) measures introduced by Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln, requisitioning president Polk's justification for war with Mexico


California bear flag republic

(1846) short lived California republic, established by local American settlers who revolted against Mexico
-once news of the war with Mexico reached the Americas, they abandoned the republic in favor of joining the United States


Battle of buena vista

(1847) key American victory against Mexican forces in the Mexican war
-elevated general Zachary Taylor to national prominence and helped secure his success in the 1848 election


Conscience Whigs

(1840s-1850d) northern Whigs who opposed slavery on moral grounds
-sought to prevent the annexation of Texas as a slave state, fearing that the new slave territory would only serve to buttress the southern "slave power"


Treaty of Guadeloupe hidalgo

(1848) ended the war in Mexico
-Mexico agreed to cede territory reaching northwest from Texas to Oregon in exchange for $18.25 million in cash and assumed debts


Wilmot proviso

(1846) amendment that sought to prohibit slavery from territories acquired form Mexico
-introduced by Pennsylvania congressman David wilmot, the failed amendment ratcheted up tensions between north and south over the issue of slavery