Unit 3, chapter 21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3, chapter 21 Deck (21):
1

Battle of bull run (july 1861)

first major battle of the civil war and a victory for the south
-dispelled northern illusions of swift victory

2

peninsula campaign (1862)

Union General George B, McClellan's failed effort to seize Richmond, the confederate capital

3

Merrimack and Monitor (1862)

confederate and union ironclads, respectively, whose success against wooden ships signaled an end to wooden warship
-fought a historic though inconsequential battle in 1862

4

Second Battle of Bull run (august 1862)

civil war battle that ended in a decisive victory for confederate general Robert E Lee, who was emboldened to push future into the north

5

Battle of Antietam (September 1862)

Landmark battle in the civil war that essentially ended in a draw but demonstrated the powers of the Union Army, forestalling foreign intervention and giving lincoln the "victory" he needed to issue the Emancipation proclamation

6

Emancipation Proclamation (1863)

Declared all slaves in rebelling states to be free but did not affect slavery in non-rebelling border states
-closed the door on possible compromise with the south and encouraged 1000s of southern slaves to flee the Union lines

7

13th amendment (1865)

constitutional amendment prohibiting all forms of slavery and involuntary servitude
-former confederate states were required to ratify the amendment prior to gaining reentry into the Union

8

Battle of Fredricksburg (december 1862)

decisive victory in virginia for confederate Robert E. Lee, who successfully repelled a Union attack on his lines

9

battle of Gettysburg (july 1863)

civil war battle in pennsylvania that ended in Union victory, spelling doom for he confederacy, which never again managed to invade the north

10

Gettysburg address (1863)

Lincoln's off-quoted speech, delivered at the dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg battlefield
-during the address, Lincoln framed the war as a means to uphold the values of liberty

11

Battle of Fort Henry and Fort Donelson (February 1862)

key victry for union general Ulysses S. Grant
-secured the North's hold on kentucky and paved the way for Grant's attacks deeper into Tennessee

12

Battle of Shiloh (April 1862)

Bloody civil war battle on the tennessee-mississippi boarder
-left more than 23,000 soldiers dead, wounded, or missing, and ended in a marginal union Victory

13

siege of Vicksburg

2 1/2 month siege of confederate fort on the Mississippi boarder
-won by the union which gave them control of the mississippi river, splitting the south in 2
-"divide and conquer"

14

sherman's March (1864-1865)

Union general William Sherman's destructive march through Georgia
-targeted infrastructure and civilian property to diminish morale and undercut the confederate war effort

15

congressional comittee on the conduct of the war (1861-1865)

Established by congress during the civil war to oversee military affairs
-largely under control of radical republicans and agitated for a more vigorous war effort and actively pressed Lincoln on the issue of emancipation

16

copperheads

northern democrats who obstructed the war effort by attacking Lincoln, the draft, and, after 1863, emancipation

17

the man without a country (1863)

edward everett hale's fictional account of a treasonous soldier's journeys in exile
-inspired greater devotion to the union

18

union party (1864)

a coalition party of pro-war democrats and republicans formed during the 1864 election to defeat antiwar Northern democrats

19

wilderness campaign (1864-1865)

a series of brutal clashes between Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee's armies in Virginia
-leading up to Lee's capture of Grant at Richmond

20

Appomattox courthouse

site where Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant in April 1865

21

reform bill of 1867

Granted suffrage to all male british citizens, dramatically expanding the electorate