Unit 5, Chapter 34 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5, Chapter 34 Deck (17):
1

Executive orderNo. 90660

-signed by President Roosevelt
-authorized the Secretary of War to designate military zones from which certain categories of people would be excluded
-unnecessary and unfair
-Japanese were sent to internment camps
-created after the attack on pearl harbor

2

-war production Board (WPB)(established in 1942)

-established by executive order to direct all war production
-was abolished after Japan's defeat

3

Office of price administration (OPA) (1941-1947)

- A critically important wartime agency charged with regulating The consumer economy by rationing scare supplies

4

National war labor board (NWLB)

-established by President Roosevelt to act as an arbitration tribunal and mediate disputes between labor and management that might have led to work stoppages and thereby undermined the war effort

5

-smith-connally Anti-Strike act (1943)

-past amidst worries about the effects that labor strikes would have on war production
-allowed the federal government to seize and operate plants threatened by labor disputes

6

WAC's, WAVES, SPAR's

-women's branch of the US Army established during World War II to employ women in noncombatant jobs

7

-bracero program (1942)

-established by agreement with the Mexican government to recruit temporary Mexican agricultural workers to the US to make up for wartime shortages in the far west

8

Fair employment practices commission (FEPC) (1941)

-threatened with a massive Negro march on Washington to demand equal opportunities in war jobs and in the military
-intended to monitor compliance with the executive order

9

Congress of racial equality (CORE)

-nonviolent civil rights organization founded in 1942 and committed to the "double V"

10

Code talkers

- native American men who served in the military by transmitting radio messages in their native languages which were undecipherable by German and Japanese spies

11

Battle of Midway(1942)

-pivotal battle fought near the island of midway
- victory halted Japanese advances in the Pacific

12

D-day (1944)

-massive military operation led by American forces in Normandy
- pivotal battle led to the liberation of France and brought on the final phases of World War II in Europe

13

V-e day

-The source of frenzied rejoicing
-marked the official end of the war in Europe

14

Postdam conference(1945)

-President Truman met with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and British leaders Winston Churchhill and Clement Attlee
- surrender of be destroyed

15

Manhattan project(1942)

-codename for the American commission established to develop the atomic bomb

16

V-j day (1945)

-heralded The surrender of Japan and the final and to World War II

17

ABC-1 agreement

- agreement between Britain and the US
"Getting Germany first"