Unit 2, Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2, Chapter 10 Deck (24):

Bill of rights
(What is it? What does it do?)

(1791) popular term for the first 10 amendments to the u.s. Constitution
-secure key rights for individuals and reserve to the states all powers not explicitly delegated or prohibited by the constitution


Judiciary act of 1789

Organized the federal legal system, establishing the Supreme Court, federal district and circuit courts and the office of the attorney general


Funding at par
(What did Alexander Hamilton do?)

Payment of debts, such as government bonds, at face value
-Alexander Hamilton proposed that the federal government pay its revolutionary war debts in full in order to booster the nation's credit


(How was this used?)

transfer of debt from one party to another
-the federal government assumed states' Revolutionary war debts in 1790



tax levied on imports


excise tax
(What was this part of?)

tax on goods produced domestically
-Hamilton's financial program
-tax on whiskey


Bank of the United States
(What was this part of?)

(1791) charactered by congress as part of Hamilton's financial program
-printed money and served as a depository for treasury fund


Whiskey Revotution
(Who put this down and how?)

(1794) Popular uprising of whiskey distillers in Southwestern Pennsylvania in opposition to an excise tax on whiskey
-Washington put down the rebellion with militia drawn from several states


Reign of Terror

(1793-1794) Ten month period of brutal repression when some forty thousand individuals were executed as enemies of the French Revolution


Neutrality Proclamation
(Who did this enrage?)

(1793) Issued by George Washington, it proclaimed America's formal neutrality in the escalating conflict between England and France
-enraged pro-French Jeffersonians


Battle of Fallen Timbers

(1794) Decisive battle between the Miami Confederacy and the U.S. army
-British forces refused to shelter the routed indians, forcing the latter to attain a peace settlement with the United States (treaty of Greenville)


Treaty of Greenville

(1795) the Miami confederacy agreed to cede territory reaching the Old Northwest to the United States in exchange for cash payment, hunting rights, and formal recognition of their sovereign status


Jay's treaty
(Who? What?)

(1794) effort to avoid war with Britain
-negotiated by Chief Justice John Jay


Pinckey's treaty
(Signed with who? What?)

(1795) granted Americans free navigation of the Mississippi and the disputed territory of Florida
-signed with Spain


Farewell address

(1796) George Washington's address at the end of his presidency, warning against permanent alliances with other countries


XYZ Affair

(1797) diplomatic conflict between France and the United States when American envoys to France were asked to pay a hefty bribe for the privilege of meeting with the French foreign minister


Convention of 1800

Agreement to formally dissolve the United States' treaty with France
-Originally signed during the revolutionary war


Alien laws

(1798) acts passed by a federalist congress, raising the residency requirement fore citizenship to 14 years and granting the president the power to deport foreigners in times of peace


Sedition acts
(Enacted by who?)

(1798) an effort to clamp down on Jeffersonian opposition
-Enacted by the federalist congress
-made anyone convicted of defaming government officials or interfering with government policies liable to imprisonment and a heavy fine


Virginia and Kentucky resolutions
(Who drafted this?)

(1798-1799) Statements for the legislature of Kentucky and Virginia
-Drafted by Jefferson and Madison


First president voted by electoral college unanimously

George Washington


George Washington

Symbol of the new government and nation
-fights congressional effort to limit executive power


(What did they believe in?)

-strict interpretation of government
-continue with agricultural systems
-anti-national bank
-extreme faith in the people to make good decisions and lead the government
-Thomas Jefferson


(What did they believe in?)

-stares rights politician
-loose interpretation of constitution
-industrialization with a strong agricultural base
-pro national bank
-feared people making decisions
-favored rich
-Alexander Hamilton