Unit 1 Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Chapter 4 Deck (11):
1

Headright system

Employed in the tobacco colonies to encourage the importation of indentured servants
-For labor indentured servant's were granted 50 acres of land

2

Bacons Rebellian

(1676) uprising of Virginia backcountry farmers and indentured servants; Led by planter Nathaniel bacon
-Intentionally a response to Governor William Berkeley's refusal to protect backcountry settlers from Indian attacks

3

Royal African company

(1672-1698) English joint stock company that enjoyed a state-granted monopoly on the colonial slave trade

4

Middle passage

Transatlantic voyage slaves endured between Africa and the colonies
-high mortality rates

5

Slave codes

(1662) A set of laws defining racial slavery
-Limited rights/education to slaves
-blacks were property to their white masters

6

Congregational church

Self governing Puritan congregation without the hierarchical establishment of the Anglican church
-democracy

7

Jeremiad

Often fiery sermons lamenting the waning piety of parishioners first delivered to New England in the mid-17th century
- named after the Old Testament prophet Jeremiah

8

Half-way covenant

(1662) agreement allowing in converted offspring of church members to baptize their children
-weakened the distinction between the elect and other

9

Salem witch trials

(1692-1693) series of witchcraft trials launched after group of adolescent girls in Salem, Massachusetts claim to have been bewitched by certain older women of the town

10

Leisurer's rebellion

(1689-1691) armed conflict between aspiring merchants led by Jacob leisure and the ruling elite of New York

11

Indentured servants

Migrants who exchange transatlantic passage bind themselves to a colonial employer for a term of service (4-7years)