Unit 4, Chapter 23 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4, Chapter 23 Deck (17):
1

Tweed ring

-A symbol of gilded age corruption
-"boss" tweed and his deputies ran the New York City Democratic Party in the 1860s and swindled $200 million from the city
-boss tweed was eventually put in and died in jail

2

Crédit mobiller scandal (1872)

-Construction company was formed by owners of the Union Pacific railroad or the purpose of receiving government contracts to build the railroad at highly inflated prices and profits

3

Panic of 1873

-Worldwide depression that began in the us when on of the nations largest banks abruptly declared bankruptcy, leading to the collapse of thousands of banks and businesses

4

Gilded age (1865-1896)

-term given by mark twain, indicating both the fabulous wealth and the widespread poverty

5

"Waving the bloody shirt"

-The use of civil war imagery by political candidates and parties to draw votes to their side of the ticket

6

Patronage (gilded age)

-System in which political parties granted jobs and favors to party regulars who delivered votes on Election Day
-source of conflict within the Republican Party

7

Comprimise of 1877

-agreement that finally resolved the 1876 election and officials ended reconstruction
-the deal effectively completed the southern return to white-only, democratic-dominated electoral politics

8

Civil rights act of 1875

-The last piece of federal civil rights legislation until the 1950s
-law promised equal access to public accommodations and banned racism in jury selection, but provided no means of enforcement, so it was ineffective

9

Sharecropping

-An agricultural system that emerged after the Civil War in which black-and-white farmers rented land and residences from a plantation owner in exchange for giving him a certain share of each year's crop
-dominant form of agriculture after the Civil War

10

Jim Crow-system

-A racial segregation in the American south from the end of reconstruction until the mid 20th century
-System sought to prevent racial mixing in public

11

Chinese exclusion act (1882)

-Federal legislation that prohibited most future Chinese immigration to the US
-first major restriction on immigration in US history

12

Pendleton act (1883)

-Congressional legislation that established the Civil Service Commission which granted Federal government jobs on the bias of examinations instead of political patronage

13

Homestead strike (1892)

-The strike at Carnegie steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania that ended in an armed battle between the strikers
-The strike was part of a nationwide wave of labor unrest in the summer of 1892 that helped the populists gain some support from industrial workers

14

Grandfather clause

-A regulation established in many southern states in the 1890s that exempted from voting requirements (literacy tests and poll taxes) to anyone that could prove their ancestors could vote in 1860

15

Please vs. Ferguson (1896)

-supreme court case that upheld the constitutionality of segregation laws saying that as long as blacks were provided with separate but equal facilities to use these laws did not violate the 14th amendment
-separate but equal clause

16

Democratic Party

-widespread support
-belief in states rights
-lower tariffs
-immigrants, working poor

17

Republican Party

-sectional
-northern support
-increase government control
-higher tariffs/lower tariffs
-northerners, African Americans