Unit 3, Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3, Chapter 19 Deck (15):
1

Uncle Tom's Cabin (18520

Harriet Beecher Stowe's widely read novel thatt dramatized the honors of slavery
-heightened northern support for abolition and escalated the sectional conflict

2

The Impending crisis of the south (1857)

antislavery tract, written by white southerner Hilton R. Helper
-argued that non-slaveholding whites actually suffered most in a slave economy

3

New England emigrant aid company (founded 1854)

organization created to facilitate the migration of free laborers to Kansas in order to prevent the establishment of slavery in the territory

4

Lecompton Constitution (1857)

Proposed Kansas Constitution, whose ratification was unfairly rigged so as to guarantee slavery in the territory
-initially ratified by pro slavery forces
-later voted down when congress required that the entire constitution be put up for a vote

5

Bleeding Kansas (1856-1861)

Civil war in Kansas over the issue of slaver in the territory, fought intermittently until 1861, when it merged with the wider national civil war

6

Dred Scott vs. Stanford (1857)

supreme court decision that extended federal protection to slaver ruling that congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in any territory
-declared tat slaves, as property, were not citizens of the US

7

Panic of 1857

Financial crisis brought on by gold-fueled inflation, over-speculation, and excess grain production
-raised calls in the north for higher tariffs and for free homesteads on western public lands

8

tariff of 1857

Lowered duties on imports in response to a high treasury surplus and pressure from southern farmers

9

Lincoln-Douglas debates (1858)

series of debates between Lincoln and Stephan Douglas during the US Senate race in Illinois
-douglas won the election, but Lincoln gained national prominence and emerged as the leading candidate for the 1860 republican nomination

10

Freeport question (1858)

raised during one f the Lincoln-douglas debates b Lincoln
-asked whether the court or the people should decide the future of slavery in the territories

11

Freeport doctrine (1858)

Declared that since slavery could not exist without laws to protect it, territorial legislatures, not the supreme court, would have the final say on the slavery in the territories

12

Harpers Ferry

federal arsenal in virginia seized by abolitionist John Brown in 1859
-Though Brown was later captured and executed, his raid alarmed southerners, who believed that northerners shared in Browns extremism

13

constitutional union party (1860)

formed by moderate whigs and know-nothings in an effort to elect a compromise candidate and avert a sectional crisis

14

crittenden amendments (1861)

failed constitutional amendments that would have given federal protection for slavery in all territories south of 36degrees 30' where slavery was supported by popular sovereignty
-proposed in an attempt to appease the south

15

confederate states of america (1861-1865)

Government established after 7 southern state seceded from the union
-later joined by 4 more states from the upper south