Unit 4, Chapter 25 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4, Chapter 25 Deck (17):
1

Settlement houses

-mostly run by middle-class nativeborn women
-located in immigrant neighborhoods, provided food, education, cultural activities, and social connections

2

Liberal Protestants (1875-1925)

-members of a branch of Protestantism that flourished
-encouraged bowers to use the Bible as a moral compass rather then to believe that the Bible represented scientific or historical truth

3

Tuskanee institute

-A normal industrial school led by Booker T. Washington in tuskanee, Alabama
-focused on training young black students in agriculture and the trades to help them achieve economic independence

4

Land grant colleges

-colleges and universities created from allocations of public land through the Morrill act of 1862 and the hatch act of 1877
-grants helped fuel the boom in higher education in the late 19th century

5

Pragmatism

- distinctive African-American philosophy that emerged around the theory that the true value of an idea lay in its ability to solve problems
-embraced the provisional uncertain nature of experimental knowledge

6

Yellow journalism

-scandal-monger inn practice of journalism that emerged in New York during the gilded age out of the circulation battles between Joseph pulither's New York world and William Randolph hearst's New York journal

7

National American women suffrage association (founded in 1890)

-argued that women should be allowed to vote because their responsibilities in the home and family made indispensable in the public decision making process

8

Women's Christian temperance Union (founded in the 1870s)

-founded to combat the evils of excessive alcohol consumption
-also held campaigns to abolish prostitution and gain the right to vote for women

9

Realism (mid-19th century)

-Movement in European and American literature and the arts that sought to depict contemporary life and society as it actually was

10

Naturalism

-an offshoot of Mainstream realism
-purported to apply detached scientific objectivity to the study of human characters safe by degenerate heredity and extreme or sordid social environments

11

Regionalism

-recurring artistic movement that aspired to capture the peculiarities of america's various regions in the face of modernization and national standardization

12

City beautiful movement

-A turn of the century movement among progressive architects and city planners who aim to promote order, harmony, and virtue while beautifying the nations new urban spaces

13

World's Columbia Exposition (1893)

-Americans saw this world's fair held in Chicago as their opportunity to claim a place among the world's most civilized societies
-high point of the city beautiful movement

14

New immigrants (1880s-1924)

-immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe who formed a recognizable wave of immigration
-congregated in ethnic urban neighborhoods

15

Laissez faire

-Hands off approach when dealing with the economy

16

Booker t. Washington

-former slave
-Atlanta compromise-belief in self improvement

17

W E B Dubois

-belief of forcing rights for African Americans