Unit 1, Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1, Chapter 1 Deck (11):
1

Incas

Highly advanced South American civilization- Peru

2

Aztecs

Native American empire- Mexico
- advanced agriculture (maize)
- sought favor of gods with human sacrifices

3

Three-sisters farming

North American agricultural system by North American Indians 1000 CE
- cultivation of maize, beans, and squash

4

Colombian exchange

The transfer of goods, crops, and diseases from the Old World to the new world

5

Treaty of tordesillas

(1494) signed by Spain and Portugal, dividing the territories of the New World

6

Encomienda

Spanish government policy to command or give Indians to certain colonist in return for the promise to Christianize them

7

Capitalism

Economic system characterized by private property, generally free trade and open and accessible markets

8

Mestizos

People of mixed Indian and European heritage - Mexico

9

Conquistadors

16th-century Spaniards, who fanned out across the Americas, from Colorado to Argentina, eventually conquering the Aztec and Indian empires

10

Popés Rebellian

(1680) pueblo Indian rebellion that drove Spanish settlers from New Mexico

11

Black legend

False notion that Spanish conquerors did little but butcher the Indians and steal their gold in the name of Christ