Unit 3, Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3, Chapter 16 Deck (15):
1

Breakers

Slave drivers who employed the lash to brutally "break" the souls of strange-willed slaves

2

Black belt

Region of the Deep South with the highest concentration of slaves
-emerged in the 19th century as cotton became more profitable and slavery expanded south and west

3

Responsorial

Call and response style of preaching that melded Christian and African tradidtions

4

Nat turner's rebellion

(1831) Virginia slave revolt that resulted in the deaths of 60 whites and raised fears among white southerners of further uprisings

5

Amistad

(1839) Spanish slave ship dramatically seized off the coast of Cuba by the enslaved Africans abroad
-ship was driven ashore in Long Island and the slaves were put on trial
-John Quincey Adams argued their case before th Supreme Court, securing their eventual release

6

American colonization society

Reflecting the focus of early abolitionists on transporting free blacks back to Africa, the organization of Liberia

7

Liberia

(Founded in 1822) a west African settlement intended as a haven for emancipated slaves

8

The liberator

(1831-1865) antislavery newspaper published by William Lloyd garrison, who called for the immediate emancipation of all slaves

9

American anti-slavery society

(1833-1870) abolitionist society founded by William Lloyd garrison, who advocated the immediate abolition of slavery

10

William Lloyd garrison

Publisher of the liberator and founded the American anti-slavery society

11

Appeal to colored citizens of the world

Incendiary abolitionist tract advocating violent over-throw of slavery
-published by Dave walker, a southern born free black

12

Narrative of the life of Fredrick Douglas

(1845) vivid autobiography of the escaped slave and renowned abolitionist Fredrick Douglas

13

Mason-Dixon Line

Originally drawn by surveyors to resolve the boundaries between Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and Virginia in the 1760s
-it came to symbolize the north-south divide over slavery

14

West African squadron

(Established 1808) British Royal Navy force
-formed to enforce the abolition of slave trade in 1807
-intercepted thousands of slave ships and freed thousands of Africans

15

Gag resolution

Prohibited debate or action of anti-slavery appeals
-driven through the house of reps by proslavery southerners
-passed every year for eight years and was eventually overturned with the help of John Quincy Adams