Unit 4, Chapter 26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4, Chapter 26 Deck (10):
1

Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876)

-particularly violent example of the warfare between whites and native Americans also known as "custer's last stand"
-started when the US government tried to compel Native Americans to stay on the reservation when the natives tried to defend their territory

2

Battle of wounded knee (1890)

-Battle between the US Army and the Dakota Sioux
-tensions arrested over two major issues
-dispute over breaking up the Sioux, due to the Dawes act
-Sioux practice of the ghost dance

3

Dawes Severity act (1887)

-broke up Indian reservations and disputed land to individual households
-leftover land was sold for money to fund US government efforts to civilize natives

4

Mining industry (second half of the 19th century)

-after gold and silver strikes in the western territories fortune seekers rushed west to dig
-after the surface metals were removed people sought to ways to extract ore from underground
-lead to the consolidation of the mining industry

5

Mechanization of agriculture (1870s-1880s)

-development of engine driven machines, such as the combine, helped dramatically increase the productivity of land
-The process contributed to the consolidation of agriculture business that drove many family farms out of existence

6

Populists

-represented Westerners and southerners who believed that the US economic policy inappropriately favorite eastern businessman instead of the nations farmers
-people's party
-proposals included nationalization of the railroads, a graduated income tax, and the coinage of silver

7

Pullman strike (1894)

-A strike by railroad workers of set by drastic wage cuts
-Led by Eugene Debs but not supported by the AFL
-strike highlighted divisions within labor and the government new willingness to use armed force to combat work stoppages

8

4th party strike (1896-1932)

-The term scholars have used to describe national politics when Republicans had a tight grip on the white house and issues such as industrial regulation and labor concerns became paramount replacing order concerns such as civil service reform and monetary policy

9

Gold standard act (1900)

-guaranteed that paper currency would be redeemed freely in gold putting an end to the already dying free silver campaign

10

Reservation system

-The system that allotted land with designated boundaries to Native American tribes in the west beginning in the 1850s and ending with The Dawes severality act of 1877
-native Americans were encouraged and sometimes forced to stay on the reservations