Unit 4, Chapter 26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4, Chapter 26 Deck (10)
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Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876)

-particularly violent example of the warfare between whites and native Americans also known as "custer's last stand"
-started when the US government tried to compel Native Americans to stay on the reservation when the natives tried to defend their territory


Battle of wounded knee (1890)

-Battle between the US Army and the Dakota Sioux
-tensions arrested over two major issues
-dispute over breaking up the Sioux, due to the Dawes act
-Sioux practice of the ghost dance


Dawes Severity act (1887)

-broke up Indian reservations and disputed land to individual households
-leftover land was sold for money to fund US government efforts to civilize natives


Mining industry (second half of the 19th century)

-after gold and silver strikes in the western territories fortune seekers rushed west to dig
-after the surface metals were removed people sought to ways to extract ore from underground
-lead to the consolidation of the mining industry


Mechanization of agriculture (1870s-1880s)

-development of engine driven machines, such as the combine, helped dramatically increase the productivity of land
-The process contributed to the consolidation of agriculture business that drove many family farms out of existence



-represented Westerners and southerners who believed that the US economic policy inappropriately favorite eastern businessman instead of the nations farmers
-people's party
-proposals included nationalization of the railroads, a graduated income tax, and the coinage of silver


Pullman strike (1894)

-A strike by railroad workers of set by drastic wage cuts
-Led by Eugene Debs but not supported by the AFL
-strike highlighted divisions within labor and the government new willingness to use armed force to combat work stoppages


4th party strike (1896-1932)

-The term scholars have used to describe national politics when Republicans had a tight grip on the white house and issues such as industrial regulation and labor concerns became paramount replacing order concerns such as civil service reform and monetary policy


Gold standard act (1900)

-guaranteed that paper currency would be redeemed freely in gold putting an end to the already dying free silver campaign


Reservation system

-The system that allotted land with designated boundaries to Native American tribes in the west beginning in the 1850s and ending with The Dawes severality act of 1877
-native Americans were encouraged and sometimes forced to stay on the reservations