Unit 1, Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

Apush > Unit 1, Chapter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1, Chapter 2 Deck (15):
1

Roanoke island

Failed settlement off coast of North Carolina

2

Spanish Armada

Spanish fleet defeated in the English channel in 1588
-The defeat of armada marks the beginning of the decline of the Spanish Empire

3

Primogeniture

Legal principle - oldest son inherits all family property or land

4

Joint-stock company

Short term partnership between multiple investors to fund commercial enterprise
- Virginia Company

5

Virginia company

(Joint-stock company) - receive charter from king James I allowed it to found the Virginia colony

6

Charter

Legal document granted by a government to some group or agency to implement the stated purpose and spelling out the attending rights and obligations

7

Jamestown

First permanent settlement
- saved by Captain John Smith-1608

8

First Anglo-Powhatan war

Series of clashes between Powhatan Confederacy and English settlers in Virginia

9

Second Anglo-Powhatan war

(1644-1646) last effort by Indians to dislodge Virginia settlers

10

House of burgesses

Representative parliamentary assembly created to govern Virginia

11

Act of toleration

Passed in Maryland (1649)
-guaranteed toleration to Christians but the death penalty to those who denied the divinity of Jesus

12

Barbados slave code

(1661) denied even the most fundamental rights to slaves and gave owners almost full control over slaves

13

Squatters

Frontier farmers who illegally occupied land owned by others or not yet officially open for settlements

14

Buffer

Territory between two antagonistic powers
-created to minimize conflict
-Georgia

15

Protestant Reformation

Movement to reform Catholic Church launched in Germany by Martin Luther (1530s)