Unit 1, Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1, Chapter 3 Deck (20):
1

Predestination

Calvinist doctrine that God has collaborated some people to be saved in some to be damned

2

Conversion

Intense religious experience that confirmed an individuals place among the elect or the visible saints

3

Puritans

English Protestant reformers who sought to purify the Church of England of Catholic rituals and creeds

4

Separatists

Small group of Puritans who sought to break away entirely from the Church of England

5

Mayflower compact

Agreement to form a majoritarian government in Plymouth (1620)

6

Massachusetts bay colony

Established by non-separating puritans
-it grew the largest and most influential of the New England colonies (1629)

7

Anne Hutchinson

Belief in Antinomianism
-banished to Rhode Island in 1638

8

Roger Williams

Banished from Massachusetts to Rhode Island

9

Pequot war

(1636-1638) clashes between English settlers and Pequot Indians
-Connecticut River Valley

10

King Philip's war

(1675-1676) assaults by Metacom, king Philip on English settlements in New England

11

New England confederation

(1643) weak union of the colonies in Massachusetts and Connecticut
-led by Puritans for defense and organization

12

English civil war

(1642-1651) armed conflicts between royalists and parliamentarians
-victory of Charles I execution

13

Dominion of New England

(1686-1689) administrative union created by royal authority, incorporating all New England, New York, and east and west New Jersey

14

Navigation laws

Series of laws passed in 1651 to colonial shipping
-they sought to stitch England's overseas possessions more tightly to the motherland by using American trade with non-English countries

15

Glorious (or bloodless) revolution

(1688-1689) peaceful overthrow of unpopular Catholic monarchs James I I, replaced by Dutch born William I I I (protestant)

16

Salutary neglect

(1688-1763) unofficial policy of relaxed royal control over colonial trade and only weak enforcement navigation laws
-lasted from glorious Revolution - French and Indian war

17

Patroonships

Vast tracts of land along Hudson river in new Netherlands granted to wealthy promoters in exchange for bringing 50 settlers to the property

18

Quakers

Religious group known for their tolerance and idealistic Indian policy
-Pennsylvania
-democratic people

19

Blue laws

Designed to restrict personal behavior in accord with the strict code of morality
-blue laws were passed across the colonies particularly in Puritan new England and Quaker Pennsylvania
-Supplementary laws

20

Calvinism

Dominant theological credo of the new England Puritans based on the teachings of John Calvin
-predestination