1.1.2 DT Anti-depressant Drugs (Bi) Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 1.1.2 DT Anti-depressant Drugs (Bi) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.1.2 DT Anti-depressant Drugs (Bi) Deck (19):
1

What are the symptoms of depression?

•emotional- intense feelings of sadness
•motivational- difficulty initiating actions
•somatic- disturbance of appetite and sleep

2

What is depression caused by?

A shortage of monoamines (neurotransmitters including dopamine, serotonin and noradrenaline)

3

What are SSRIs?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

4

How do SSRIs work?

They increase levels of serotonin by blocking its reuptake

5

What is serotonin thought to have?

A positive influence on mood, emotion and sleep

6

What effect do SSRIs have on depressives?

They have a positive effect, improving symptoms and making people more responsive

7

What are the problems/side effects of SSRIs?

•can react unpredictably with other medication
•shaky/anxiousness
•vomiting
•dizziness
•blurred vision

8

What are MAOIs?

Monoamines oxidase inhibitors

9

Why are MAOIs rarely used now?

Due to their wide range of side effects

10

When are MAOIs used?

When other medication is not effective and under supervision

11

What is the problem with MAOIs?

You have to avoid certain foods (cheese) containing tyramine as when MAOIs react with it, it can cause a dangerous rise in blood pressure

12

What are TCAs?

Tricyclic anti depressants

13

Why are TCAs not recommended?

They have unpleasant side effects and can be dangerous if an overdose is taken

14

When are TCAs used?

In severe cases where no other medication is successful

15

Who do anti depressants work best on?

Those severely depressed, research showed there was little benefit of taking SSRIs if you were mildly depressed

16

How many patients treated with SSRIs do not reach remission?

Two thirds

17

How many adults treated with SSRIs develop recurrent symptoms of depression whilst on therapy?

One third

18

How many patients respond to treatment of SSRIs?

Between 40-60%

19

What is depression?

A mood disorder

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