Flashcards in 3.3.4 Life Events (Str) Deck (31):
What are life events a key source of and what are they often known as?
Often known as life changes
Life events require significant what?
Adjustment of lifestyle
Give examples of some life events?
Life events require time and energy to deal with and often incur what?
A psychic cost
Research suggests a close relationship between life events and what?
Stress related illness
Holmes was interested in investigating the link between what?
Stress and illness
Holmes - researched TB patients showing those who became ill has experienced what?
Increase in disturbing occurrences two years prior to admission
Holmes research led Holmes and Rahe to develop the idea of what?
Holmes and Rahe - first using their experience as doctors they drew up a list of what?
Life events that could lead to physical illness
Holmes and Rahe - asked 394 participants to do what?
Rate each life event in terms of how much readjustment it would require in a persons life
Holmes and Rahe - what did they use as an arbitrary baseline?
Marriage at 50
Holmes and Rahe - after analysing the data they developed which scale?
Social readjustment rating scale
Holmes and Rahe - the SRRS consisted of how many items?
Holmes and Rahe - each life event in the SRRS was assigned what value?
A life change unit
Holmes and Rahe - what life change unit did death of a spouse receive?
Holmes and Rahe - what life change unit did divorce receive?
Holmes and Rahe - in the SRRS what life change unit did pregnancy receive?
Holmes and Rahe - how was a value for stressful life events calculated for the participant?
Asking them to tick how many of the life events they experienced and adding the LCU scores
Holmes and Rahe - the higher the LCU score of a participant the more likely the person was to suffer from what?
Stress and then illness
Holmes and Rahe - a score of 150 increased chance of stress related illness by how much?
Holmes and Rahe - a score of 300 increased chance of stress related illness by how much?
Studies have used the SRRS to measure life events and what?
Relationship with stress and illness
Rahe et al looked at the relationship between which two variables?
Stress and illness
Rahe et al - used a version of the SRRS known as the SRE what is this?
Schedule of recent experiences
Rahe et al - used the SRE to assess who?
2684 navy personnel
Rahe et al - when were the participants required to complete the SRE?
Before leaving on a tour of duty
Rahe et al - during the 6-8 months after they left what was kept?
A record of any illnesses experienced
Rahe et al - data collected showed what type of correlation?
Significant positive correlation between stressful life events and illness
Rahe et al - as the number of life events increased what was more likely?
That the individual would be ill
As both positive and negative events are included in the SRRS it appears what is more important in creating stress?
Change rather than negativity