3.2.2 Structural Abnormalities (Sch) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.2.2 Structural Abnormalities (Sch) Deck (16):
1

When could this theory be developed?

When brain scanning technology was invented

2

(Enlarged ventricles) what are ventricles?

Fluid filled cavities

3

(Enlarged ventricles) in some individuals with schizophrenia what is found?

Lateral ventricles appear to be larger

4

(Enlarged ventricles) where are the lateral ventricles found?

The cerebral hemispheres

5

(Cortical atrophy) cortical atrophy means loss of what?

Neurons in the cerebral cortex

6

(Cortical atrophy) where can cortical atrophy occur?

All over the brain or in a specific area

7

(Cortical atrophy) if it occurs all over the brain the brain looks like it has what?

Shrunk

8

(Cortical atrophy) cortical atrophy leads to loss to what associated with these areas?

Cognitive functions

9

(Cortical atrophy) atrophy results in widening of what?

Grooves called sulci in cerebral cortex

10

(Cortical atrophy) widening of sulci characterises what?

Brains of 20-35% of people with chronic schizophrenia

11

(Reversed cerebral asymmetry) in most individuals which hemisphere is larger?

Left

12

(Reversed cerebral asymmetry) in some individuals with schizophrenia which hemisphere is larger?

Right (Reversed cerebral asymmetry)

13

(Reversed cerebral asymmetry) people with schizophrenia having smaller left ventricle could explain what symptom?

Alogia
Left hemisphere is responsible for language

14

(Season of birth) studies indicate children born when have higher incidence of schizophrenia?

Winter and early spring

15

(Season of birth) how much higher is their incidence of schizophrenia?

10%

16

(Season of birth) why might babies born then have higher incidence of schizophrenia?

Lack of sunlight in these months
Vitamin d deficiency
Affecting brain development

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