Flashcards in 3.3.4 Daily Hassles (Str) Deck (30):
What are daily hassles?
Minor everyday irritation which can trigger our stress response
What might daily hassles include?
Stuck in traffic
Social hassles e.g. Issues at work
Why might daily hassles be a more significant source of stress than life events?
They occur everyday where like events like divorce or death are rare
What are the 5 most common daily hassles?
Health of family
Increasing prices of common goods
Too much to do
What percent of people selected weight concerns as a hassle?
What percent of people selected health of a family member as a hassle?
What percent of people selected rising price of accommodation as a hassle?
What percent of people selected home maintenance as a hassle?
What percent of people selected too much to do as a hassle?
(Uplifts) What are uplifts?
Positive experiences we may have
(Uplifts) give examples of some uplifts:
Getting a good sleep
Good grade on a test
(Uplifts) what do uplifts neutralise?
The harmful effects of hassles
(Uplifts) uplifts give us a break giving us energy to do what's
Sustain any coping strategy and remain positive
(Accumulation effect) what is the accumulation effect?
Build up of hassles or stressors overtime leads to the negative effects of stress
(Accumulation effect) if lots of hassles are experienced close together what can it lead to?
Ongoing feeling of stress and negative feelings associated with it
(Accumulation effect) why are hassles difficult to avoid?
They are experienced everyday exaggerating any problems
(Amplification) What is amplification?
Chronic stress due to life events e.g. Moving house making people more vulnerable to effects of daily hassles
(Amplification) e.g. Stress of a big move makes minor irritations what?
Difficult to cope with
(Social support) daily hassles may cause issues if we don't do what?
Seek out or receive adequate social support to deal with them
(Social support) e.g. If someone moves far away for their husbands new job what don't they have?
Social support of friends and family
Support of husband working long hours in their new job
(Social support) (flett et al) 320 students were asked to read a story describing what?
An individual who experienced a life event or daily hassle
(Social support) (flett et al) students then had to rate what?
The amount of support the person in the story would receive
(Social support) (flett et al) the individuals who had experienced the events were rated as being what?
More in need of and seeking out more social support from others
As we experience daily hassles on a frequent basis what is it reasonable to predict?
Correlation between hassles and illness will be stronger than life events and illness
(Hassles, stress and health) Kanner et al used a longitudinal study to compare impact of what?
Life events and daily hassles as a source of stress
(Hassles, stress and health) who were Kanners participants?
100 45-64 year olds
(Hassles, stress and health) Kanners participants completed what scale and when?
Hassles and uplifts scale for events over the previous month once a month for nine months
(Hassles, stress and health) Kanner also used questionnaires to measure participants what?
Mental health and emotional responses
(Hassles, stress and health) Kanner found what type of relationship between frequency of hassles and wellbeing?
Significant negative correlation