Flashcards in 3.2.3 Psychodynamic Evaluation (Sch) Deck (37):
1. Today Freudian concepts are viewed as what?
Unscientific and out of date
2. The psychodynamic approach has difficulty producing what and why?
Focus on unconscious mind
2. Why is the unconscious mind difficult to study in a scientific way?
2. If we can't prove basic psychodynamic concepts what can we not trust them to do?
Explain the existence of complex disorders like schizophrenia
2. What basic psychodynamic concepts can we not prove?
3. As the 20th century progressed what were psychologists dissatisfied with?
Unscientific and unfalsifiable nature or the psychodynamic concepts
3. Today psychodynamic explanations for schizophrenia are viewed as what?
Not a credible theory
3. Freud said it was for the future to decide what?
Whether there was more delusion in his theory than he would like to admit
4. The fact the approach is difficult to falsify means we can never do what?
Completely discredit it or discard the theory
4. What is it not impossible to do?
Develop testable hypothesis from freuds ideas, though it is difficult
4. Fromm-reichmann suggested the mothers of people developing schizophrenia are controlling and distant, what would it be possible to do?
Design a longitudinal prospective study following infants from birth to adulthood to investigate the link
5. The psychodynamic explanation overlooks the role of what?
5. Psychodynamic explanations suggest schizophrenia is the result of what?
Early experience (nurture)
5. There is strong evidence for what?
Biological factors in schizophrenia from family and twin studies
6. Strong evidence for biological factors comes from what type of studies?
6. What did Heston find in his adoption study?
Of the 47 with schizophrenic mothers 5 developed it
Vs none of the controls (non schizophrenic parents)
7. It may be a co occurrence of what that is responsible for schizophrenia?
Shared genes between the mother and child
Not the way the mother raises the child
8. The psychodynamic approach has failed to produce what?
Effective treatment for schizophrenia
8. Freud believed individuals with schizophrenia were not suitable for what and why?
Lacked the insight for this talking treatment
8. Rosen proposed schizophrenia could be treated with what?
8. Later research by Strupp found psychoanalytical techniques can have what effect?
Harmful and damaging effects on those with schizophrenia
8. Strupp - This may be because techniques require the patient to do what?
Experience memories and insights they aren't emotionally capable of dealing with
9. This is a weakness as if an effective therapy can't be established what does this mean?
Underlying principles can't be correct
10. The idea of the schizophrenogenic mother was popular when?
1930s to 1970s when it was the focus of much psychiatric literature
10. Kasain examined hospital records and found what?
33/45 cases of schizophrenia there was evidence of maternal overprotection
10. Further studies in the 60s and 70s appeared to confirm what?
Schizophrenogenic mother theory
11. A closer look at Kasains study showed what about the cases?
Almost a third did not have an overprotective mother making the evidence unconvincing
11. Why might researchers findings be bias?
Researchers knew the hypothesis they could have been more likely to categorise normal behaviour as overprotection
11. Knowing what we now do about schizophrenia what does the schizophrenogenic mother seem?
11. What does the schizophrenogenic mother concept do?
Blame the mother having no scientific basis
11. What could the schizophrenogenic mother concept have caused?
Harm to the mothers of schizophrenic individuals
12. Parker reviewed the schizophrenogenic mother concluding what probably exist?
Distant and controlling mothers
12. But Parker said these distant and controlling women were no more likely to have what?
13. The concepts wrongness doesn't mean parenting and environment play no role in what?
Child's mental health
13. A parents mental health can impact upon what?
Child's well being
13. But we can't just say what?
Parents mental wellbeing causes schizophrenia