3.2.3 Psychodynamic Evaluation (Sch) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.2.3 Psychodynamic Evaluation (Sch) Deck (37):
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1. Today Freudian concepts are viewed as what?

Unscientific and out of date

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2. The psychodynamic approach has difficulty producing what and why?

Testable hypothesis
Focus on unconscious mind

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2. Why is the unconscious mind difficult to study in a scientific way?

Inaccessible

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2. If we can't prove basic psychodynamic concepts what can we not trust them to do?

Explain the existence of complex disorders like schizophrenia

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2. What basic psychodynamic concepts can we not prove?

id
Ego
Superego
Unconscious mind

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3. As the 20th century progressed what were psychologists dissatisfied with?

Unscientific and unfalsifiable nature or the psychodynamic concepts

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3. Today psychodynamic explanations for schizophrenia are viewed as what?

Historic
Not a credible theory

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3. Freud said it was for the future to decide what?

Whether there was more delusion in his theory than he would like to admit

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4. The fact the approach is difficult to falsify means we can never do what?

Completely discredit it or discard the theory

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4. What is it not impossible to do?

Develop testable hypothesis from freuds ideas, though it is difficult

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4. Fromm-reichmann suggested the mothers of people developing schizophrenia are controlling and distant, what would it be possible to do?

Design a longitudinal prospective study following infants from birth to adulthood to investigate the link

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5. The psychodynamic explanation overlooks the role of what?

Genetics

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5. Psychodynamic explanations suggest schizophrenia is the result of what?

Early experience (nurture)

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5. There is strong evidence for what?

Biological factors in schizophrenia from family and twin studies

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6. Strong evidence for biological factors comes from what type of studies?

Adoption

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6. What did Heston find in his adoption study?

Of the 47 with schizophrenic mothers 5 developed it
Vs none of the controls (non schizophrenic parents)

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7. It may be a co occurrence of what that is responsible for schizophrenia?

Shared genes between the mother and child
Not the way the mother raises the child

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8. The psychodynamic approach has failed to produce what?

Effective treatment for schizophrenia

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8. Freud believed individuals with schizophrenia were not suitable for what and why?

Psychoanalysis
Lacked the insight for this talking treatment

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8. Rosen proposed schizophrenia could be treated with what?

Psychoanalytical techniques

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8. Later research by Strupp found psychoanalytical techniques can have what effect?

Harmful and damaging effects on those with schizophrenia

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8. Strupp - This may be because techniques require the patient to do what?

Experience memories and insights they aren't emotionally capable of dealing with
Causing distress

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9. This is a weakness as if an effective therapy can't be established what does this mean?

Underlying principles can't be correct

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10. The idea of the schizophrenogenic mother was popular when?

1930s to 1970s when it was the focus of much psychiatric literature

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10. Kasain examined hospital records and found what?

33/45 cases of schizophrenia there was evidence of maternal overprotection

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10. Further studies in the 60s and 70s appeared to confirm what?

Schizophrenogenic mother theory

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11. A closer look at Kasains study showed what about the cases?

Almost a third did not have an overprotective mother making the evidence unconvincing

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11. Why might researchers findings be bias?

Researchers knew the hypothesis they could have been more likely to categorise normal behaviour as overprotection

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11. Knowing what we now do about schizophrenia what does the schizophrenogenic mother seem?

Mistaken

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11. What does the schizophrenogenic mother concept do?

Blame the mother having no scientific basis

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11. What could the schizophrenogenic mother concept have caused?

Harm to the mothers of schizophrenic individuals

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12. Parker reviewed the schizophrenogenic mother concluding what probably exist?

Distant and controlling mothers

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12. But Parker said these distant and controlling women were no more likely to have what?

Schizophrenic children

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13. The concepts wrongness doesn't mean parenting and environment play no role in what?

Child's mental health

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13. A parents mental health can impact upon what?

Child's well being

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13. But we can't just say what?

Parents mental wellbeing causes schizophrenia

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Con - what would be a better way to look at schizophrenia?

Diathesis stress model
Looking at genes and environment

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