Flashcards in 3.3.3 Hardy Personality (Str) Deck (27):
A person with a hardy personality can be described as what?
A person with a hardy personality thrives when?
When faced with stressful situations
In hardy coping, how do people high in hardiness respond to stress?
Identify stressful circumstances analyse how to resolve them (problem focused coping)
In hardy coping how do people low in hardiness respond to stress?
Avoid it by engaging in distracting activities such as eating
(Emotion focused coping)
In hardy social interaction how do people high in hardiness respond to stress?
Get social support from others and give it back
In hardy social interaction how do people low in hardiness respond to stress?
Feel victimised by those around them
In hardy self care how do those high in hardiness respond?
Healthy diet and lifestyle
Engage in relaxation
In hardy self care how do people low in hardiness respond?
Poor diet and low exercise
(3 C's) who introduced the concept of the hardy personality?
Kobasa and Maddi
(3 C's) kobasa and maddi were interested in factors which might do what?
Protect or buffer people against the effects of stress
(3 C's) what are the 3 Cs?
(3 C's) how does control relate to people high in hardiness?
Internal locus of control
They are in control over their lives and actions
(3 C's) how does commitment relate to people high in hardiness?
Sense of purpose in their life, work and relationships
Despite difficulties they stay involved and avoid alienating themselves
(3 C's) how does challenge relate to people high in hardiness?
See stressful events as opportunity for growth and development
Recognise life is tough and stress is natural
Acknowledge and learn from failure
(How 3c's buffer) kobasa said high levels of the 3Cs have what effect?
Protect against harmful effects of stress
(How 3c's buffer) the 3c's mean when faced with a stressor an individual will fare better with their what?
Feeling less stressed overall
(How 3c's buffer) hardy individuals will experience less what?
Of a psychological and biological response to stress
(How 3c's buffer) hardy individuals will have reduced risk of heart attack why?
Less adrenaline and Lower blood pressure
(How 3c's buffer) why will hardy individuals have reduced risk of diabetes?
Better self care
(How 3c's buffer) why will individuals high in hardiness have reduced risk of colds?
Stronger immune system
(Early research) what did kobasa devise?
Questionnaires to assess the 3Cs
(Early research) kobasa found people with high scores on the 3Cs reported fewer what?
Stress related symptoms
This was a negative correlation
(Early research) who was kobasa's research mainly conducted on?
Male white collar workers
(Early research) maddi conducted research on employees at which company? And what was happening at that time?
Bell telephone company
Many redundancies and reorganisation
(Early research) maddi found how many employees had a hardy personality?
(Early research) maddi - those with hardy personalities had fewer what? And better what?
Fewer stress related illnesses
Better mental health