3.2.1 Characteristics of schizophrenia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.2.1 Characteristics of schizophrenia Deck (28):
1

what is schizophrenia not?

split personality

2

what is schizophrenia characterised by?

break from reality

3

how many people in England & Wales have a diagnosis of schizophrenia in a year?

220000

4

how many people in 100 will experience schizophrenia in their lifetime?

1

5

at which ages is schizophrenia most often diagnosed?

15 - 35

6

who are more at risk of schizophrenia, men or women?

both at equal risk

7

in order to make sense of the many different symptoms of schizophrenia, what did kurt Schneider suggest they be categorised as?

positive
negative

8

what does the term positive symptoms refer to?

symptoms in addition to normal behaviour

9

what is a hallucination? (p)

perceiving sensory information that doesn't exist

10

give some examples of types of hallucination: (p)

auditory
visual
tactile

11

what are auditory hallucinations? (p)

hearing things e.g. voices that aren't there

12

what are visual hallucinations? (p)

flashes of light
seeing shadows
full images

13

what are tactile hallucinations? (p)

feeling things that aren't there e.g. something crawling under skin - formication

14

what are delusions? (p)

inappropriate beliefs

15

what might paranoid delusions be? (p)

delusions of persecution e.g. being followed

16

what is a grandeur delusion? (p)

being convinced your of importance

17

what other types of delusions are there? (p)

paranormal
physical
thought

18

what is disordered thinking sometimes described as and why? (p)

knights move thinking
in chess knights move in a different way

19

what is disordered thinking? (p)

thinking that doesn't appear to have logical flow

20

what are negative symptoms?

things that we lack

21

what is alogia? (n)

poverty of speech

22

what does poverty of speech involve? (n)

reduction in speech
reduction in the meaning of speech

23

what is avolition? (n)

inability to make decisions
appearing unconcerned or indifferent about your surroundings

24

give an examples of things a person with avolition might do? (n)

don't go to school or work
don't go shopping
don't see friends

25

what is anhedonia? (n)

don't respond to things they used to enjoy appropriately

26

give an example of anhedonia? (n)

if your favourite sports team wins you don't experience enjoyment

27

what is flatness of effect? (n)

appearing to have no emotion
talking in monotone
no facial expressions
don't display appropriate emotional response

28

what is catatonic behaviour? (n)

remaining still for long periods of time

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