Flashcards in 3.2.1 Characteristics of schizophrenia Deck (28):
what is schizophrenia not?
what is schizophrenia characterised by?
break from reality
how many people in England & Wales have a diagnosis of schizophrenia in a year?
how many people in 100 will experience schizophrenia in their lifetime?
at which ages is schizophrenia most often diagnosed?
15 - 35
who are more at risk of schizophrenia, men or women?
both at equal risk
in order to make sense of the many different symptoms of schizophrenia, what did kurt Schneider suggest they be categorised as?
what does the term positive symptoms refer to?
symptoms in addition to normal behaviour
what is a hallucination? (p)
perceiving sensory information that doesn't exist
give some examples of types of hallucination: (p)
what are auditory hallucinations? (p)
hearing things e.g. voices that aren't there
what are visual hallucinations? (p)
flashes of light
what are tactile hallucinations? (p)
feeling things that aren't there e.g. something crawling under skin - formication
what are delusions? (p)
what might paranoid delusions be? (p)
delusions of persecution e.g. being followed
what is a grandeur delusion? (p)
being convinced your of importance
what other types of delusions are there? (p)
what is disordered thinking sometimes described as and why? (p)
knights move thinking
in chess knights move in a different way
what is disordered thinking? (p)
thinking that doesn't appear to have logical flow
what are negative symptoms?
things that we lack
what is alogia? (n)
poverty of speech
what does poverty of speech involve? (n)
reduction in speech
reduction in the meaning of speech
what is avolition? (n)
inability to make decisions
appearing unconcerned or indifferent about your surroundings
give an examples of things a person with avolition might do? (n)
don't go to school or work
don't go shopping
don't see friends
what is anhedonia? (n)
don't respond to things they used to enjoy appropriately
give an example of anhedonia? (n)
if your favourite sports team wins you don't experience enjoyment
what is flatness of effect? (n)
appearing to have no emotion
talking in monotone
no facial expressions
don't display appropriate emotional response