Flashcards in 3.1.3 Personality and Addiction Deck (17):
What are individual differences?
Differences in how we respond to the influences in our lives
What is personality?
Set of behaviours, attitudes and emotional temperament distinguishing one individual from another
Is a persons personality relatively stable over their life?
An addictive personality refers to a personality that might make an individual:
More likely to try an addictive substance, become addicted and find it hard to quit
What did Hans Eysencks theory suggest personality can be measured on?
What are the six elements to the theory of personality?
Unstable - stable (neuroticism)
Extroverted - introverted
Normality - psychoticism
What does the resource model of addiction suggest?
Addiction develops as it fulfils a need relating to the individual's personality
In the resource model of addiction Eysenck highlighted an important role in the dimensions of what?
Psychoticism and neuroticism
How do psychoticism and impulsivity link? (Resource model of addiction)
Addicts can act impulsively without thinking
Give an example of how some psychotic addicts act impulsively -
Drug addicts take the drugs without thinking
Gamblers place a large bet without thinking
When will impulsivity cause issues?
When a person tries to stop their addiction
Impulsivity makes it more difficult to follow treatment, why?
It requires self control
neurotic people will use self medication as a way of doing what?
what is a characteristic of neurotic individuals?
low self esteem
what is self esteem?
self worth - how you feel about yourself
Baumeister suggested low self esteem may lead people to act in what way?
self defeating in order to escape awareness