3.1.3 Personality and Addiction Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 3.1.3 Personality and Addiction > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.1.3 Personality and Addiction Deck (17):
1

What are individual differences?

Differences in how we respond to the influences in our lives

2

What is personality?

Set of behaviours, attitudes and emotional temperament distinguishing one individual from another

3

Is a persons personality relatively stable over their life?

Yes

4

An addictive personality refers to a personality that might make an individual:

More likely to try an addictive substance, become addicted and find it hard to quit

5

What did Hans Eysencks theory suggest personality can be measured on?

2 dimensions

6

What are the six elements to the theory of personality?

Unstable - stable (neuroticism)
Extroverted - introverted
Normality - psychoticism

7

What does the resource model of addiction suggest?

Addiction develops as it fulfils a need relating to the individual's personality

8

In the resource model of addiction Eysenck highlighted an important role in the dimensions of what?

Psychoticism and neuroticism

9

How do psychoticism and impulsivity link? (Resource model of addiction)

Addicts can act impulsively without thinking

10

Give an example of how some psychotic addicts act impulsively -

Drug addicts take the drugs without thinking
Gamblers place a large bet without thinking

11

When will impulsivity cause issues?

When a person tries to stop their addiction

12

Impulsivity makes it more difficult to follow treatment, why?

It requires self control

13

neurotic people will use self medication as a way of doing what?

treating themselves

14

what is a characteristic of neurotic individuals?

low self esteem

15

what is self esteem?

self worth - how you feel about yourself

16

Baumeister suggested low self esteem may lead people to act in what way?

self defeating in order to escape awareness

17

neurotic individuals are using addiction as a way of avoiding what?

negative feelings about themselves - negative rienforcement

Decks in A Level Psychology Class (131):