1.3.1 Learning Assumption (Be) Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 1.3.1 Learning Assumption (Be) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.3.1 Learning Assumption (Be) Deck (10):
1

What does the learning assumption say?

Animals and humans learn in similar ways

2

What do behaviourists believe about the laws of learning?

They are the same for humans and animals

3

If animals and humans learn in the same way what can we do?

Study animal learning in a lab environment and make generalisations about human behaviour

4

Give an example of how animal learning has been applied to human behaviour:

Principles of classical conditioning developed from Pavlov's research on dogs have been applied to therapies to help humans overcome phobias

5

Where have Pavlov's principles been used in therapies to overcome phobias?

• systematic desensitisation

6

What occurs in systematic desensitisation?

The client learns to associate the phobic object with feelings of relaxation instead of fear

7

Where were the principles of operant conditioning developed?

In the confinements of a laboratory with animals

8

In which places have the principles of operant conditioning been applied to shaping human behaviour?

In environments such as educational establishments, prisons and psychiatric institutions

9

Give an example of operant conditioning principes applied to human behaviour:

Token economy systems

10

How do token economy systems work?

By awarding people with tokens for desirable behaviour, they can build these up until they can swap them for something they want

Decks in A Level Psychology Class (131):