Flashcards in 1.3.1 Learning Assumption (Be) Deck (10):
What does the learning assumption say?
Animals and humans learn in similar ways
What do behaviourists believe about the laws of learning?
They are the same for humans and animals
If animals and humans learn in the same way what can we do?
Study animal learning in a lab environment and make generalisations about human behaviour
Give an example of how animal learning has been applied to human behaviour:
Principles of classical conditioning developed from Pavlov's research on dogs have been applied to therapies to help humans overcome phobias
Where have Pavlov's principles been used in therapies to overcome phobias?
• systematic desensitisation
What occurs in systematic desensitisation?
The client learns to associate the phobic object with feelings of relaxation instead of fear
Where were the principles of operant conditioning developed?
In the confinements of a laboratory with animals
In which places have the principles of operant conditioning been applied to shaping human behaviour?
In environments such as educational establishments, prisons and psychiatric institutions
Give an example of operant conditioning principes applied to human behaviour:
Token economy systems