2.2.1 Observations (non experimental) Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 2.2.1 Observations (non experimental) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.2.1 Observations (non experimental) Deck (18):
1

what do observations involve?

the precise and objective measurement of naturally occurring behaviour

2

you can use a video camera to record behaviour in an observation, what is a strength of this?

you can look back- more accurate as not reliant on memory

3

what are some weaknesses of using a video camera to record behaviour?

invasion of privacy
lack of consent to being filmed

4

what is event sampling?

it involves the researcher operationalizing the behaviour they are interested into behavioural categories, they then keep a tally of when the behaviour occurs

5

what is an issue with event sampling?

other behaviour that is important or interesting may be ignored due to not having a category

6

what is time sampling?

alternative observational sampling technique - involves observing behaviour for a set period of time and then spend the remaining time making notes

7

what are potential issues with time sampling?

forgetting
elaborating
accuracy issues

8

what are non participant naturalistic observations?

recording spontaneously occurring behaviour in the participants own natural environment

9

what are strengths on non participant naturalistic observations?

high ecological validity
lack of demand characteristics

10

what are weaknesses of non participant naturalistic observations?

unable to consent to being watched

11

what are non participant controlled observations?

the recording of spontaneously occurring behaviour under conditions contrived by the researcher

12

what are some strengths of non participant controlled observations?

researchers have control of extraneous variables
easier to replicate

13

what are some weaknesses of non participant controlled observations?

demand characteristics
lack of ecological validity

14

what is a participant observation?

researcher becomes involved in the everyday life of the subjects with or without their knowledge

15

what is a strength of participant observations?

high in ecological validity - first hand experience

16

what is a weakness of participant observations?

demand characteristics (overt)
deception (covert)
potential risk to researcher (gangs)

17

what is a covert observation?

the participants are unaware of the researcher being a researcher

18

what is an overt observation?

the group being observed is aware the researcher is a researcher

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