Flashcards in 2.2.2 self report methods (non experimental) Deck (24):
what are two examples of self report methods?
what do self report methods involve?
asking participants about their feelings, attitudes and beliefs
do self reports produce qualitative or quantitative data?
can produce both
what are strengths of qualitative data? (open questions)
range of answers not restricted
rich in-depth data
what are weaknesses of qualitative data? (open questions)
time consuming to analyse
what is a strength of quantitative data? (closed questions)
quick to analyse
what is a weakness of quantitative data?
limited in detail as answers are pre determined
one issue of self report methods is social desirability bias, what is this?
when people answer in a way that makes them look good
what is a questionnaire?
a written method of gaining data from participants
what is the most likely location of research for questionnaires and why?
questionnaires can be sent out electronically, this is helpful and quick as the researcher doesn't have to be present
who would it be unsuitable to give a questionnaire to?
those who are illiterate as questionnaires require a certain level of literacy and in open questionnaires, the ability to answer in your own words
what does an interview involve?
the direct verbal questioning of the participant
how does an interview differ from a questionnaire?
in an interview it is necessary for the researcher to be present
how are interviews and questionnaires similar?
both methods pose questions
participants responses are gathered
what is a structured interview?
one in which the questions are pre-set the researcher does not have the option to change them and discuss other interesting points the participant may bring up
what is a semi structured interview?
the same interview schedule is there, however the researcher has some freedom to move off topic and discuss other interesting points
what is a strength of using the method of interviewing a participant and then writing up notes after?
likely to be focused on the participants responses
what are weaknesses of using the method of interviewing a participant and then writing up notes after?
what is a strength of using the methods of taking notes of the participants responses during the interview?
less likely to forget responses
what is a weakness of using the methods of taking notes of the participants responses during the interview?
you may miss some of the participants responses due to divided attention
what is a strength of using a tape recorder during the interview and later transcribing the participants responses?
unlikely to miss or forget responses as you can listen back
what is a weakness of using a tape recorder during the interview and later transcribing the participants responses?
participant may not give consent to be recorded
in interviews done over the phone or internet they may not be aware they are being recorded - invasion if privacy
what is a strength of using a video camera to film participant responses in the interview and later transcribing responses?
able to rewatch the interview so you are unlikely to forget responses