3.3.1 Characteristics Of Stress Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 3.3.1 Characteristics Of Stress > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.3.1 Characteristics Of Stress Deck (26):
1

Why is stress not considered a mental illness?

It is a natural part of life
We all experience it when we find ourselves under pressure

2

Stress is the physical and psychological strain generated by what?

Physical, emotional, social, economic or occupational circumstances, events or experiences which are difficult to endure or manage

3

Are the circumstances that cause stress always negative?

No they can be positive e.g. Having a baby, getting married, holidays

4

(Physical) what did Hans Selye (1936) carry out?

Research on rats exposed to a range of stressors

5

(Physical) what did Hans Selye call these stressors?

Acute nocuous agents

6

(Physical) Hans Selye found what appeared in response to all the stressors and what did he call this?

The same physical symptoms
General adaptation syndrome (GAS)

7

(Physical) Hans Seyle - what does the GAS involves activation of the nervous system to do what?

Release hormones preparing us for the fight or flight response making us more able to deal with the stressor

8

(Psychological) our response to stress depends largely on what?

How we perceive the stressor

9

(Psychological) what model did Lazarus and Folkman come up with? (1984)

The transactional model of stress

10

(Psychological) What is the transactional model of stress?

Stressor - primary appraisal - secondary appraisal - stress response

11

(Psychological) what is a stressor in the transactional model?

The stress provoking event e.g. A Levels

12

(Psychological) what does primary appraisal in the transactional model involve?

How much of a threat the stressor is e.g A levels are important and a high threat

13

(Psychological) what is secondary appraisal in the transactional model?

How prepared you are to to deal with the stressor e.g. How much you have revised for your a levels

14

(Psychological) what are the two types of stress response in the transactional model of stress?

Emotion focused coping or problem focused coping

15

(Types of stress) what is acute stress?

Response to a stressor that suddenly appears

16

(Types of stress) give examples of some possible acute stressors:

Sudden work deadline
Car accident
Surprise test
Partner leaving you

17

(Types of stress) what is episodic acute stress?

Bursts of acute stress in different parts of your life

18

(Types of stress) give some examples of where episodic acute stress might arise?

At work
At home
Within the family

19

(Types of stress) is episodic acute stress constant?

No there are breaks

20

(Types of stress) what is chronic stress?

Long term stress

21

(Types of stress) give some examples of long term stressors:

Living in poverty
Ill health
Bad relationships

22

(Types of stress) which type of stress is most likely to cause ill health?

Chronic stress

23

(Types of stress) what is eustress?

The good type of stress
Opposite of distress

24

(Effects) what are some physical effects of stress?

Hair loss
Acne
Weight gain
Premature grey hair
Loss of appetite
Diabetes
Heart disease
Colds
Increased blood pressure

25

(Effects) what are some psychological effects of stress?

Lack of concentration
Feeling tired
Impaired memory
Preoccupied though
Difficulty making decisions
Mood swings

26

(Effects) many physical and psychological effects are compounded by lifestyle effects such as what?

Diet change (overeating or not eating)
Poor food choices
Smoking
Drinking
Drugs
Reduced sleep
Reduced social life
Lack of time for interests

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