Flashcards in 3.3.4 Life Events Evaluation (Str) Deck (34):
(Culture bias) Where was the SRRS scale developed?
(Culture bias) it is possible different cultural groups might do what?
React differently to life events
(Culture bias) Zheng and Lin looked at the SRRS using participants from where?
(Culture bias) Zheng and Lin - what was still rated as the most significant change?
Death of a spouse
(Culture bias) Zheng and Lin - Chinese participants rated death of a close family member as more stressful than what?
Divorce (other way around in original SRRS)
(Culture bias) the events even as stressful by one culture might not be by another culture due to what?
Differences in cultural beliefs and expectations so the scale is culturally bias
To asses life events and stress in a controlled way, cohen gave 394 participants what?
Questionnaires to complete including life events scales
Cohen - participants were then exposed to what?
Common cold virus and monitored for sign of infection
Cohen et al - higher life event scores were significantly correlated with what?
Increase chance of getting a cold
Cohen et als research suggests what is linked to experience of stressful life events?
Cohen et al's research controlled for factors such as what? And still found what?
Age weight and health
Still found relationship between stress and vulnerability to illness
(Validity) SRRS relies on people accurately doing what?
Recalling what has happened to them over a period of time
(Validity) Recollections are not always what?
(Validity) Raphael - asked women to report on what?
Life events they experienced in a series of monthly interviews
(Validity) Raphael - at the end of the 10 months what were the women asked to do?
Recall what had happened to them
(Validity) Raphael - how many of the life events appeared on both lists?
(Validity) Research suggests the checklist should not be used because of what?
Too many issues with the accuracy of the methods
Forgetting, social desirability bias
(Validity) what more detailed method should be used?
(Correlation) research into life events and illness does not prove what?
May be other factors involved
(Correlation) nuckolls looked at the impact of life changes on who?
Pregnant women particularly any complications they experienced
(Correlation) Nuckolls - life changes score alone was not related to what?
(Correlation) Nuckolls - when the score was considered alongside social support what was found?
Clear strong relationship
(Correlation) Nuckolls what percent of women with high life changes and low social support experienced complications?
(Correlation) Nuckolls how many women with high life changes and social support experienced complications?
(Correlation) Nuckolls research suggests social support was what?
Individual differences are a major issue in the way events are what?
Perceived and the impact they have
(Individual difference) those with a hardy personality may be more able to do what?
Cope with stressful situations in an adaptive way
(Individual difference) some events on a the SRRS can be what?
Interpreted on different ways leading to different levels of change and therefore stress
(Individual difference) the effect something has is likely to vary based on what?
(Individual difference) e.g. Reasons for getting a new mortgage could vary such as what?
Forced through loss of job
(Individual difference) it may be too simplistic to assign what?
The same value each time
(Individual difference) SRRS are criticised for focusing on events specific to who?
Young couples - marriage and pregnancy
(Individual difference) specific SRRS have been developed for who?