3.3.5 Beta Blockers (modifying Stress) Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 3.3.5 Beta Blockers (modifying Stress) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.3.5 Beta Blockers (modifying Stress) Deck (23):
1

What are beta blockers?

Drugs prescribed for heart conditions but can be used to treat physical symptoms of stress

2

(How they work) the body's response to stress involves activation of which NS?

Sympathetic

3

(How they work) activation of the SNS leads to physical symptoms such as what?

Increased blood pressure
Increases heart rate
Shaking
Sweating

4

(How they work) symptoms can cause long term negative effects including what?

Cardiovascular issues

5

(How they work) what does it mean that beta blockers have antagonist action?

They reduce activity of the SNS and subsequent symptoms

6

(How they work) beta blockers block which receptors?

Beta adrenoreceptors
Block receptor sites for adrenaline and noradrenaline

7

(How they work) when adrenaline binds to receptor sites what does it do?

Causes muscle such as in the heart to increase in beating

8

(How they work) beta blockers slow what?

Breathing and heart rate

9

(How they work) beta blockers don't stop anxiety they instead do what?

Mask the outward signs of it

10

(Types) what are the two types of beta blockers?

Selective
Non selective

11

(Types) what do non selective beta blockers do and give an example:

Block adrenaline and noradrenaline in other areas of the body
Block B1 and 2 receptors affecting the heart kidneys and liver
E.g. Propranolol

12

(Types) what do selective beta blockers do and give an example:

Affect mainly the heart blocking only B1 receptors
Little effect on rest of body
Atenolol

13

(Off label use) beta blockers are primarily prescribed for what?

Heart conditions and angina

14

(Off label use) beta blockers are prescribed off label for anxiety meaning what?

The manufacturer has not applied for a license for their use for anxiety

15

(Off label use) as they don't have a license they have not undergone what?

Clinical trials to test their safety and effectiveness for anxiety

16

(Off label use) when can a doctor prescribe beta blockers?

When the benefits outweigh the risks

17

(Musicians) what do musicians use beta blockers for?

To overcome stage fright and perform under pressure

18

(Musicians) Lockwood - of 2000 musicians how many used beta blockers? And how many uses them daily?

27%
19% used them daily

19

(Sport) beta blockers have what effect?

Relax muscles
Make the heart work more efficiently
Reduce anxiety

20

(Sport) beta blockers have gained a reputation as what type of drug?

Performance enhancing

21

(Sport) since 2010 what has happened to beta blockers?

Banned by world antidoping agency for all Olympic sport

22

(Benzodiazepines) what do benzodiazepines do?

Increase effect of GABA making it hard for other neurotransmitters to stimulate the neurone
Calming effect on the brain

23

(Benzodiazepines) what are benzodiazepines used for and why?

Severe stress and anxiety
Highly addictive
Can cause drowsiness and impaired judgement

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