Flashcards in 1.2.1 Childhood Experiences (PD) Deck (31):
What did Freud say we pass through?
A series of psychosexual stages
To develop a healthy personality what do we have to do?
Pass through all the stages
What can occur in some stages?
Fixation influencing adult behaviour
What is the 1st stage?
The oral stage
When does the oral stage occur?
From birth to 18 months
In the oral stage where is pleasures received from?
Why can people become fixated in the oral stage?
Due to early or late weaning
What behaviours do those described as having an oral personality show?
Biting (pens, nails)
Love of Eating and drinking
Suck their thumb
What does this assumption say?
Adult behaviours and personalities are shaped by the influence of childhood experiences
What are those weaned to early described as?
What behaviours do orally aggressive individuals show?
Shouting and swearing a lot
What are those weaned too late described as?
What behaviours do those described as orally receptive show?
Can't say no
What is the second psychosexual stage?
The anal stage
When does the anal stage occur?
18 months to 3 years
What are children who were strictly potty trained described as?
What behaviours do anally retentive individuals show?
Good with money
How are children who's parent took a relaxed approach to potty training described?
What behaviours do anally expulsive children show?
What is the third psychosexual stage?
The phalic stage
When does the phalic stage occur?
3 to 6 years
What occurs during the phalic stage?
- learning gender behaviour
- identification with same sex parent
If you don't identify with your same sex parent what occurs in the phalic stage?
What behaviours do those fixated in the phalic stage show?
Problems with authority
What is the names of the identification with your same sex parent (male and female)?
What is the fourth psychosexual stage?
The latency stage
When is the latency stage?
6 to puberty
What occurs in the latency stage?
No psychosexual development
What is the fifth psychosexual stage?
The genital stage
When is the genital stage?