1.2.1 Childhood Experiences (PD) Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 1.2.1 Childhood Experiences (PD) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.2.1 Childhood Experiences (PD) Deck (31):
1

What did Freud say we pass through?

A series of psychosexual stages

2

To develop a healthy personality what do we have to do?

Pass through all the stages

3

What can occur in some stages?

Fixation influencing adult behaviour

4

What is the 1st stage?

The oral stage

5

When does the oral stage occur?

From birth to 18 months

6

In the oral stage where is pleasures received from?

Feeding

7

Why can people become fixated in the oral stage?

Due to early or late weaning

8

What behaviours do those described as having an oral personality show?

Smoking
Chewing
Biting (pens, nails)
Love of Eating and drinking
Suck their thumb

9

What does this assumption say?

Adult behaviours and personalities are shaped by the influence of childhood experiences

10

What are those weaned to early described as?

Orally aggressive

11

What behaviours do orally aggressive individuals show?

Shouting and swearing a lot

12

What are those weaned too late described as?

Orally receptive

13

What behaviours do those described as orally receptive show?

Gullible people
"Doormats"
Can't say no

14

What is the second psychosexual stage?

The anal stage

15

When does the anal stage occur?

18 months to 3 years

16

What are children who were strictly potty trained described as?

Anally retentive

17

What behaviours do anally retentive individuals show?

Obsessive tidiness
Following rules
Punctual
Good with money

18

How are children who's parent took a relaxed approach to potty training described?

Anally expulsive

19

What behaviours do anally expulsive children show?

Messy
Late
Creative

20

What is the third psychosexual stage?

The phalic stage

21

When does the phalic stage occur?

3 to 6 years

22

What occurs during the phalic stage?

- learning gender behaviour
- identification with same sex parent

23

If you don't identify with your same sex parent what occurs in the phalic stage?

Fixation

24

What behaviours do those fixated in the phalic stage show?

Problems with authority
Vanity
Homosexuality

25

What is the names of the identification with your same sex parent (male and female)?

Electra complex
Oedipus complex

26

What is the fourth psychosexual stage?

The latency stage

27

When is the latency stage?

6 to puberty

28

What occurs in the latency stage?

No psychosexual development

29

What is the fifth psychosexual stage?

The genital stage

30

When is the genital stage?

Puberty

31

If you reach the genital stage what do you show?

Well balanced individual
'Normal' behaviour

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