Flashcards in Microbiology 14 - Respiratory Tract Infection Deck (31)
What pattern of pneumonia is usually produced by streptococcus pneumoniae?
Neatly lobar pneumonia
What pattern of haemolyisis does S. pneumonia show?
What are the top 2 organisms that can cause CAP?
What are the 3 most likely organisms to cause CAP in neonates?
Group B strep
What are the 3 most likely organisms to cause CAP in 1-6 month olds?
What are the 2 most likely organisms to cause CAP in 6 month - 5 year olds?
Recall the CURB 65 criteria
Urea > 7
Resp rate > 30
BP <90 systolic/ <60 diastolic
Age > 65
How will a CXR appear in bronchitis?
How should bronchitis be managed?
Bronchodilators and antibiotics IF bacterial cause (usually viral)
In which patient group is H. influenzae most likely to cause CAP?
Those with a pre-existing lung condition
Which cause of CAP is associated with confusion?
What are the typical symptoms and signs of legionella pneumonia?
Why are penicillins ineffective in atypical pneumonia?
Organisms that can cause atypical pneumonia don't have a cell wall
What are the possible extrapulmonary features of atypical pneumonia?
What is the biggest risk factor for coxiella burnetti pneumonia?
Exposure to domestic/ farm animals
How is coxiella pneumonia diagnosed?
Which type of atypial pneumonia is spread by birds?
What imaging is needed to diagnose empyema?
How can empyema be treated?
Large chest drain
Which type of pneumonia might cause a mild anaemia?
What is a hospital-acquired pneumonia?
Pneumonia that develops within 48 hours of being in hospital
How can upper and lower respiratory flora be identified and distinguished in HAP?
Which organism is the most common cause of HAP?
What is the typical CXR appearance of PCP pneumonia?
What antibiotic is used to treat PCP pneumonia?
Which patient population is most at-risk of aspergillus pneumonia?
Immunosuppressed (eg prolonged chemo/ HIV)
What is the treatment for aspergillus pneumonia?
Which 2 pneumonia-causing organisms can be tested for in urine?
NOTE: only useful in PAIRED samples
What is the antibiotic of choice to treat MRSA pneumonia?