Flashcards in Microbiology 19 - Influenza and Covid-19 Deck (15)
What drives zoonosis of influenza viruses from wild water fowl?
What must a mutation change to produce a pandemic-producing virus ?
Transmissibility between humans
Recall the process of influenza A cleavage
1. Viral spike proteins (most important is haemaglutinnin - HA)
2. Protease required to cleave HA is only found in airway (Human Airway Tryptase)
3. HAT cleaves influenza A at a specific site
What is the mechanism of action of amantidine, and what is it used for?
Targets M2 ion channel
Used to treat strains types of influenza virus
What class of drug is oseltamivir?
What is the flu vaccine made up of?
Haemaglutinnin and neuraminidase proteins
What is the most important reason why SARS 2003 was so much easier to contain than SARS Covid 19?
Patients had easily-identifiable symptoms that developed quickly and so could be isolated - covid-19 is much more insidious!
Describe the genome of SARS-Cov2
Huge single-stranded RNA genome
What is Nsp14, and why is it important to the covid genome?
It's a proof-reading exonuclease - which is unusual for an RNA virus
How does covid bind to cells to gain entry?
How long after infection is covid infectious?
Recall 2 important factors that will be at elevated serum levels in covid infection, and can be useful clinically?
What benefit is remdesivir shown to have in coronavirus?
Shortens time to recovery
In which patients is dexamethosone effective at reducing coronavirus death?
In those who are receiving oxygen