1.4.6 Compare & Contrast Cognitive Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 1.4.6 Compare & Contrast Cognitive > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.4.6 Compare & Contrast Cognitive Deck (20):
1

Is the cognitive approach psychological or biological?

Psychological

2

What is the key assumption of the cognitive approach?

Internal processes of the mind direct our behaviour

3

What research methods are used in the cognitive approach?

Lab experiments

4

Give an example of a lab experiment used in the cognitive approach

Lotus and Palmer into their research into leading questions

5

What is a real life application of the cognitive approach?

REBT (therapy)
The cognitive interview

6

What does REBT do?

Works by changing irrational thoughts and the subsequent irrational behaviour

7

What is the cognitive interview?

A form of police interview developed from the lotus and Palmer research, more accurate way to gain EWT

8

Is the cognitive approach nature, nurture or interactionist?

Interactionist

9

How is the cognitive approach interactionist?

Considers internal factors (internal processes) and external factors (schemas from environment)

10

How is the cognitive approach interactionist to an extent? What does it ignore?

The role of genes (nature)
Social and cultural factors (nurture)

11

Is the cognitive approach scientific or non scientific?

Scientific

12

How is the cognitive approach scientific?

1. Uses a lot of lab experiments that are strictly controlled
2. Scientific research methods
3. Led to cognitive neuroscience which has involved brain scanning techniques

13

Is the cognitive approach reductionist or holistic?

Reductionist

14

What type of reductionist is the cognitive approach?

Cognitively reductionist

15

How is the cognitive approach cognitively reductionist?

Behaviour likened to a computer input, process, output when in reality humans are more complex

16

Is the cognitive approach free will or deterministic?

Both

17

How is the cognitive approach a free will approach?

Our thoughts control our behaviour

18

How is the cognitive approach deterministic?

Behaviour is determined from our processes

19

Is the cognitive approach nomothetic or idiographic?

Nomothetic

20

How is the cognitive approach nomothetic?

Looks to make general laws e.g we all have internal mental processes and schemas

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