2.4.2 Dealing with ethical issues and humans Flashcards Preview

A Level Psychology > 2.4.2 Dealing with ethical issues and humans > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.4.2 Dealing with ethical issues and humans Deck (19):
1

in some cases what us the way of dealing with the issue? (give an example)

the same as the issue
e.g. right to withdraw - tell them about their right

2

what is debriefing?

explaining all your research to the participant

3

when is debriefing carried out? why?

after research
to reduce demand characteristics

4

when is debriefing especially important? why?

when there is deception
important to leave participant in the state they were in before the research

5

what might debriefing not do?

undo harm
does not excuse deception

6

what is the issue with debriefing in field research?

might not be able to track participants to debrief them

7

what is presumptive consent?

when you ask one group if they would agree to research after being full outline - if they do you assume another similar group would also agree

8

what is an issue of presumptive consent?

based on assumption not the same group (other group might not agree)

9

what is an ethical committee?

a group of people you propose your research to, they then review it.

10

what should an ethical committee not be?

bias - they should have no interest in your findings

11

what does an ethical committee do?

reviews your research
compare proposed research against ethical guidelines

12

what are issues of ethical committees?

not the participants - feel different to if they had been a participant
ethical committees are only as good as the people on them

13

what are ethical guidelines?

rules produced e.g. by BPS that all research must follow

14

what is an issue of ethical guidelines?

not consistent across all countries - you cant universally apply them
not laws/no punishment - some people might choose not to follow them

15

when/how can punishment be carried out?

when a professional psychologist isn't following guidelines they can have their license removed so they then loose their job

16

when is their not a punishment?

not a professional psychologist - no license to remove

17

when would the BPS know research was unethical? why might this not happen?

if participants complain
participants not aware of guidelines, not know how to complain or cant be bothered

18

what does role play involve?

this involves the environment being set up and participants pretending to behave as they would

19

why does role play lack ecological validity?

participants are acting - not real behaviour

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