Flashcards in 2.4.2 Dealing with ethical issues and humans Deck (19):
in some cases what us the way of dealing with the issue? (give an example)
the same as the issue
e.g. right to withdraw - tell them about their right
what is debriefing?
explaining all your research to the participant
when is debriefing carried out? why?
to reduce demand characteristics
when is debriefing especially important? why?
when there is deception
important to leave participant in the state they were in before the research
what might debriefing not do?
does not excuse deception
what is the issue with debriefing in field research?
might not be able to track participants to debrief them
what is presumptive consent?
when you ask one group if they would agree to research after being full outline - if they do you assume another similar group would also agree
what is an issue of presumptive consent?
based on assumption not the same group (other group might not agree)
what is an ethical committee?
a group of people you propose your research to, they then review it.
what should an ethical committee not be?
bias - they should have no interest in your findings
what does an ethical committee do?
reviews your research
compare proposed research against ethical guidelines
what are issues of ethical committees?
not the participants - feel different to if they had been a participant
ethical committees are only as good as the people on them
what are ethical guidelines?
rules produced e.g. by BPS that all research must follow
what is an issue of ethical guidelines?
not consistent across all countries - you cant universally apply them
not laws/no punishment - some people might choose not to follow them
when/how can punishment be carried out?
when a professional psychologist isn't following guidelines they can have their license removed so they then loose their job
when is their not a punishment?
not a professional psychologist - no license to remove
when would the BPS know research was unethical? why might this not happen?
if participants complain
participants not aware of guidelines, not know how to complain or cant be bothered
what does role play involve?
this involves the environment being set up and participants pretending to behave as they would