Flashcards in 3.1.3 Evaluation of personality & addiction Deck (26):
(support) Gossop & Eysenck the drug addicts compared to controls of non addicts, had high what?
psychotic and neurotic scores
(support) what does Gossop and Eysenck's research appear to support?
link between personality and addiction
(support) Gossop & Eysenck how many addicts did they research?
over 200 drug addicts
(support) what did the Gossop & Eysenck research use?
the Eysenck personality questionnaire
(against) what is an issue of using a questionnaire in the Gossop and Eysenck research?
self report method
social desirability bias
giving answers to excuse their behaviours
(against) what is an issue of the researcher in the Gossop & Eysenck research?
eysencks research and study
(against) what is Eysenck assuming?
what is he ignoring?
personality causes a person to become addicted
other way around - drugs could affect frontal and prefrontal cortex affecting decision making
what is a prospective study?
one looking for outcomes e.g. the development of an addiction during the study period
(support) what does the prospective study done by Dong et al provide further support for?
idea of an addictive personality causing addictive behaviour
(support) who was Dong et al's research participants?
Chinese university students
(support) what did Dong et al's research involve the Chinese students doing just after entering uni?
completing an EPQ just after entering uni
(support - Dong et al) two years later what was assessed?
the students internet addiction
(support - Dong et al) what did the researchers find?
higher P and N scores linked to addiction
(Support) what does Dong et al's prospective design suggest about personality?
it is a cause rather than effect of addiction
(support) impulsive rats have been found to increase what?
cocaine intake more than low impulsivity rats
(support) how does the rat research link to Eysenck?
impulsivity linked to psychoticism
(against) what is a criticism of the rat research?
not generalizable to humans
(against) in the rat research it was specific to what?
cocaine intake, not heroin
(against) in humans research looking at individuals tendency to become addicted has not found what, suggesting what?
suggesting the relationship is more complex than thought
(against) many personality traits aren't unique to what? Give an example.
Eysenck found high P and N scores in criminals
(against) self esteem is ranked in what position in risk factors for substance abuse?
(against) what other risk factors are ranked higher than self esteem?
peers drug use
poor parental relationship
poor academic achivement
(against) what does Kerr argue the idea of an addictive personality is?
one of the myths of addiction
(against) Kerr says there are multiple traits linked to addiction typical of what?
most individuals to some degree
(conclusion) particular traits or characteristics may what?
predispose you to becoming addicted