3.1.3 Evaluation of personality & addiction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.1.3 Evaluation of personality & addiction Deck (26):
1

(support) Gossop & Eysenck the drug addicts compared to controls of non addicts, had high what?

psychotic and neurotic scores

2

(support) what does Gossop and Eysenck's research appear to support?

link between personality and addiction

3

(support) Gossop & Eysenck how many addicts did they research?

over 200 drug addicts

4

(support) what did the Gossop & Eysenck research use?

the Eysenck personality questionnaire

5

(against) what is an issue of using a questionnaire in the Gossop and Eysenck research?

self report method
social desirability bias
giving answers to excuse their behaviours

6

(against) what is an issue of the researcher in the Gossop & Eysenck research?

researcher bias
eysencks research and study

7

(against) what is Eysenck assuming?
what is he ignoring?

personality causes a person to become addicted
other way around - drugs could affect frontal and prefrontal cortex affecting decision making

8

what is a prospective study?

one looking for outcomes e.g. the development of an addiction during the study period

9

(support) what does the prospective study done by Dong et al provide further support for?

idea of an addictive personality causing addictive behaviour

10

(support) who was Dong et al's research participants?

Chinese university students

11

(support) what did Dong et al's research involve the Chinese students doing just after entering uni?

completing an EPQ just after entering uni

12

(support - Dong et al) two years later what was assessed?

the students internet addiction

13

(support - Dong et al) what did the researchers find?

higher P and N scores linked to addiction

14

(Support) what does Dong et al's prospective design suggest about personality?

it is a cause rather than effect of addiction

15

(support) impulsive rats have been found to increase what?

cocaine intake more than low impulsivity rats

16

(support) how does the rat research link to Eysenck?

impulsivity linked to psychoticism

17

(against) what is a criticism of the rat research?

animal research
not generalizable to humans

18

(against) in the rat research it was specific to what?

cocaine intake, not heroin

19

(against) in humans research looking at individuals tendency to become addicted has not found what, suggesting what?

common pattern
suggesting the relationship is more complex than thought

20

(against) many personality traits aren't unique to what? Give an example.

addiction
Eysenck found high P and N scores in criminals

21

(against) self esteem is ranked in what position in risk factors for substance abuse?

10th

22

(against) what other risk factors are ranked higher than self esteem?

peers drug use
deviance
poor parental relationship
poor academic achivement

23

(against) what does Kerr argue the idea of an addictive personality is?

one of the myths of addiction

24

(against) Kerr says there are multiple traits linked to addiction typical of what?

most individuals to some degree

25

(conclusion) particular traits or characteristics may what?

predispose you to becoming addicted

26

(conclusion) traits don't guarantee you will become addicted why?

traits are shared with non addicts

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