Flashcards in 3.3.3 Type A & B Personalities (Str) Deck (27):
Give some features of a type A personality:
Enjoy achieving goals
Feel pressure of time
Give some features of the type B personality:
Don't mind losing
Who developed the theory of the type a and b personality?
Friedman and Rosenham
Who did Friedman and Rosenham observe and what did they do?
Patients in their waiting room
Split them into categories some would sit calmly and relax (B) others would pace (A)
(Variation in physiological response) F and R - suggest characteristics of the type A personality makes them more likely to experience what?
Fight or flight response than type Bs
(Type a and illness) F and R - if type As are more likely to experience the fight or flight they therefore are more likely to what?
Suffer from coronary heart disease
(Type a and illness)F and R - why are Type As more likely to experience coronary heart disease (CHD)?
Adrenaline from fight or flight increasing blood pressure and heart rate
(Type a and illness) what is the WCGS?
Western collaborate group study
(Type a and illness) the WCGS aimed to investigate links between what?
Type a and b behaviour patterns and stress related illness (CHD)
(Type a and illness) what type of study was the WCGS? What is a issue of this?
Prospective longitudinal study nobody had CHD at the start looked for outcomes over 8 and a half years
Drop out rates
(Type a and illness) WCGS -what is a strength of using longitudinal prospective studies?
Large amount of qualitative data
(Type a and illness) WCGS structured interviews were conducted on who?
3154 Californian men aged 39 - 59
(Type a and illness) WCGS - what did the interview consist of?
25 questions asking about the men's responses to everyday pressures
(Type a and illness) WCGS - the questions were designed in a way to do what? Give an example:
Elicit type A behaviour
E.g. Interviewer reading slowly
Type a would find this irritating
(Type a and illness) WCGS - what potential ethical issue is their of trying to elicit type a behaviour?
Frustrating participants possibly causing a stress response
(Type a and illness) WCGS - the interview included observations on what?
How participants responded e.g. Their volume and pace
(Type a and illness) WCGS - following the results of the interview what were men categorised into?
Type a or b
(Type a and illness) WCGS - after 8 and a half years how many men developed CHD?
(Type a and illness) WCGS - of the 257 men having CHD how many were from the type A group?
180 - 70%
(Type a and illness) WCGS - what percent of the type a participants experienced heart attacks?
(Type a and illness) WCGS - what percent of type B participants experienced heart attack?
(Type a and illness) WCGS - how much more likely were type A men to develop CHD or experience heart attack?
(Type a and illness) the Framingham heart study found type A behaviour was associated with what?
Two fold increase in CHD
(Type a and illness) the Framingham heart study increased the what of the WCGS?
(Type a and illness) one issue of the studies is what?
Confounding variables such as diet e.g. Type a person who is impatient may opt for fast food
(Type a and illness) the WCGS found Type As had higher cholesterol and b.p even when controlling for what?
Risk factors e.g smoking or obesity