Flashcards in 3.3.5 Beta Blockers Evaluation (modifying Stress) Deck (31):
(Benefits on performance) beta blockers are effective in reducing performance anxiety in who?
(Benefits on performance) Nefter gave the beta blocker atenolol or a placebo to who?
6 and a half hours before preforming
(Benefits on performance)participants in the atenolol group had lower what?
Heart rates and were able to play more complex parts of music more accurately
(Benefits on performance) Nefter - participants also had less self reported what?
(Benefits on self reported stress)
Schweizer compared the effects of what?
Different beta blockers to a placebo on student stress levels when taking a maths test
(Benefits on self reported stress) Schweizer all beta blockers did what?
Reduced heart rate
(Benefits on self reported stress) Schweizer - what were there differences in between the groups?
Self reported levels of stress
(Benefits) Schwabe - one of the negative effects of stress is people fall into what?
Habits like addiction
(Benefits) schwabe - in a lab task involving food rewards there was which 3 groups?
Stressed and beta blocker
Stressed and placebo
(Benefits) Schwabe - the stress group given a placebo continued with there what?
(Benefits)Schwabe - the stress group given beta blockers were just as what? Suggesting what?
Goal directed as those given no stress
Beta blocker prevented stress induced bias toward habit behaviour
(Long term effectiveness) beta blockers do not address what side of stress?
Emotional and psychological side
(Long term effectiveness) if an individual is stressed due to a type A personality the drug won't do what?
Address these issues the root cause
(Long term effectiveness) what may be more effective for those with Type A personalities?
Other therapies giving long term coping strategies
(Long term effectiveness) beta blockers may only be useful for what scenarios?
Performance enhancement not chronic stressors
(Ethics) side effects - are beta blockers side effects serious and long lasting?
No they are mild and temporary
(Ethics) side effects - give examples of beta blockers side effects:
Cold hands and feet
(Ethics) side effects - can cause issues with what in asthmatics?
(Ethics) side effects - suddenly stopping taking beta blockers can do what?
Cause heart palpitations and increasing blood pressure
(Ethics) side effects - an individual may also become psychologically what?
(Ethics) performance enhancement - what are beta blockers in most sports?
Banned suggesting they aren't ethical
(Ethics) performance enhancement - why might beta blockers provide an unfair advantage in sport?
Part of high level performance is the ability to perform under pressure
(Ethics) performance enhancement - beta blockers don't enhance performance in the same way as what?
(Ethics) performance enhancement - some see beta blockers as ethically acceptable as they do what?
Stop anxiety interfering
(Social) off label - as beta blockers aren't licensed to treat anxiety there is limited what?
Long term research into effectiveness
(Social) off label - Lin reported off label beta blocker use was what percent of beta blocker prescriptions?
(Social) off label - Wittich said there may be potential issues of lawsuits against who and why?
Doctors and drug companies should there be adverse effects
(Social) off label - if off label use is not explained to the patient what is there an issue of?
(Social) over prescription - how much did propranolol prescriptions rise by between 2012-13?
(Social) over prescription - some medical professionals are concerned beta blockers are being overprescribed for what?