3.3.5 Beta Blockers Evaluation (modifying Stress) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.3.5 Beta Blockers Evaluation (modifying Stress) Deck (31):
1

(Benefits on performance) beta blockers are effective in reducing performance anxiety in who?

Musicians

2

(Benefits on performance) Nefter gave the beta blocker atenolol or a placebo to who?

String players
6 and a half hours before preforming

3

(Benefits on performance)participants in the atenolol group had lower what?

Heart rates and were able to play more complex parts of music more accurately

4

(Benefits on performance) Nefter - participants also had less self reported what?

Stage fright

5

(Benefits on self reported stress)
Schweizer compared the effects of what?

Different beta blockers to a placebo on student stress levels when taking a maths test

6

(Benefits on self reported stress) Schweizer all beta blockers did what?

Reduced heart rate

7

(Benefits on self reported stress) Schweizer - what were there differences in between the groups?

Self reported levels of stress

8

(Benefits) Schwabe - one of the negative effects of stress is people fall into what?

Habits like addiction

9

(Benefits) schwabe - in a lab task involving food rewards there was which 3 groups?

No Stress
Stressed and beta blocker
Stressed and placebo

10

(Benefits) Schwabe - the stress group given a placebo continued with there what?

Bad habits

11

(Benefits)Schwabe - the stress group given beta blockers were just as what? Suggesting what?

Goal directed as those given no stress
Beta blocker prevented stress induced bias toward habit behaviour

12

(Long term effectiveness) beta blockers do not address what side of stress?

Emotional and psychological side

13

(Long term effectiveness) if an individual is stressed due to a type A personality the drug won't do what?

Address these issues the root cause

14

(Long term effectiveness) what may be more effective for those with Type A personalities?

Other therapies giving long term coping strategies

15

(Long term effectiveness) beta blockers may only be useful for what scenarios?

Performance enhancement not chronic stressors

16

(Ethics) side effects - are beta blockers side effects serious and long lasting?

No they are mild and temporary

17

(Ethics) side effects - give examples of beta blockers side effects:

Dizziness
Diarrhoea
Blurred vision
Nausea
Cold hands and feet

18

(Ethics) side effects - can cause issues with what in asthmatics?

Breathing

19

(Ethics) side effects - suddenly stopping taking beta blockers can do what?

Cause heart palpitations and increasing blood pressure

20

(Ethics) side effects - an individual may also become psychologically what?

Dependent

21

(Ethics) performance enhancement - what are beta blockers in most sports?

Banned suggesting they aren't ethical

22

(Ethics) performance enhancement - why might beta blockers provide an unfair advantage in sport?

Part of high level performance is the ability to perform under pressure

23

(Ethics) performance enhancement - beta blockers don't enhance performance in the same way as what?

Steroids

24

(Ethics) performance enhancement - some see beta blockers as ethically acceptable as they do what?

Stop anxiety interfering

25

(Social) off label - as beta blockers aren't licensed to treat anxiety there is limited what?

Long term research into effectiveness

26

(Social) off label - Lin reported off label beta blocker use was what percent of beta blocker prescriptions?

52%

27

(Social) off label - Wittich said there may be potential issues of lawsuits against who and why?

Doctors and drug companies should there be adverse effects

28

(Social) off label - if off label use is not explained to the patient what is there an issue of?

Valid consent

29

(Social) over prescription - how much did propranolol prescriptions rise by between 2012-13?

7%

30

(Social) over prescription - some medical professionals are concerned beta blockers are being overprescribed for what?

Anxiety

31

(Social) over prescription - why have they been over prescribed?

Treatments are limited and therapies are expensive

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