Flashcards in ch.1-ch.5 Deck (18):
A NLT built 1901-1916 have what characteristics?
6 or 7 stories high 35'-50' frontage. 85' in depth
5-6 apts. per floor.The 1st floor (cellar ceiling) is of fireproof construction(unpeirced)
A NLT built from 1916-1929 include what features?
a larger floor area 150' x 200'
floor area 2500sq. ft. or less
dividing walls only go as high as the ceiling of top floor.2.2.2
Other class"A" NFP MD's built after 1929 can be described as?
between 1930-1940 firewalls were required to be carried to underside of roof boards & after 1940 to the top of the roof boards.
size of area to be enclosed by fire walls 3,000 sq. ft. or less.2.2.3
Fireproof class "A" MD's including projects have what characteristics?
4-40 stories or higher
life hazard not severe outside of fire apt. 2.3
Lt. Briglio E-309 arrives 1st due for a fire on the 4th floor of a NFP. How shall he instruct his ECC to position the rig?
Place the apparatus as close to parked cars as possible & use the side inlet.
Lt. Becker & the members of L-159 are the 1st ones to a fire in a NFP md. Who shall be responsible for ensuring the entrance to the building is cocked open?
The 1st member entering the bldg. should use a chock. 3.2.2
Who is responsible for determining the location of the fire if it is extending & to where it is extending?
A. Engine boss
B. Truck boss
C. 2nd truck boss
D. The roof man
B. the 1st ladder co. to arrive
Lt. Bien arrives 1st due to a OLT or NLT,he cant figure out what type it is at 1st. But is greeted by fire showing on 2 floors. What shall Lt. Bien transmit?
C. 2nd alarm
D. 10-75 get an extra engine & truck
If fire is in a shaft & extending to an exposure TX a 2nd alarm. If extending to 2 exposures TX 3rd alarm.
Lt. Hot Lips is 10-84 at a cellar fire in an OLT. Where shall he instruct his men to stretch a line & what is the purpose of its position?
Cellar entrance door located inside the bldg., under the interior stairway on the 1st floor. This is to protect people coming down the stairs. the line should also remain here to also extinguish any fire that may extend upwards. 4.2.1
As a knowledgable co. officer you know that the spread of fire to exposures 2 & 4 is great. You are also aware that if there is an addtl. bldg. in the rear you know that it is 10-25' or more away & usually is not an exposure problem. Further you know that many OLTS have been convertd to SRO's & have sprinkler systems. But do you know if thy can be supplied by FD pumpers?
No. You cannot supply the sprinklers.
4.3.3 & 4.3.4
Party wall balcony's are sometimes found in OLT'S. Who must inform who of their presence?
A. OVM tells his boss
B. OVM tells the IC & his boss
C. Roof tells the IC & is boss
D. Roof tells his boss
NLT's were constructed in the "H"type design beginning @ 1916. Construction of "H" types have remained the same for over 60 years which includes the use of unprotected structural steel. What are the 3 structural elements that support the structure?
Masonry bearing walls
wood beams that support floors & roof
structural steel columns,beams & girders that connect & support sections of the "H" type bldg.
What are the 3 concerns about structural steel in "H" types?
When heated it expands & elongates causing walls to bulge move or collapse if the steel is w/in a wall.
when heated to higher temps floor beams supported by such heated steel will fall to floor below.
steel columns or girders may extend from 1st floor up to cockloft creating a path for fire to travel 5.1.1 C
It is essential that once the stair layout is recognized,this info be relayed by H.T.This is vital in the size-up picture. What are the 3 types of stairs?
Transverse- located remote from each other but a person can go (transverse) from 1 stair to the other via public hall. They are a huge asset on the top floor for heavy fire.
Wing stairs- 1 or 2 located at front & rear of each wing.
Isolated stairs- id'd by their individual entrances.Access is lmtd. to apts. served by the stairs. 5.1.1 E
L-156 arrives 1st due ahead of TL-159 for a fire. L-156 notices that the fire is blowing out the windows in the throat of the bldg. which has a courtyard. Where shall Lt. Nowicki tell his LCC to position?
Not to block off the front entrance courtyard in order to leave room for the T.L. The TL will then if required use the ladder stream to be directed 1st at the windows in the throat.
Newly minted Lt. Kuhn arrives 1st due w/ E-309 to an "H" type bldg. where 2 floors are on fire. He properly tx's what to Brooklyn?
B. 10-75 extra engine & truck
C. 2nd alarm
D. All hands on arrival
C. 2nd Alarm
Lt. Lankford w/ E-309 are 3rd due to a fire in a store of an "H" type bldg. They are in charge of stretching the 2nd line. The fire is in the rear of the store & is contained to a small storage room. Would Lt. Lankford be correct for bringing his line to the floor above?
Yes. When it is OBVIOUS that the fire can be controlled by the 1st line.
5.3.1 B 2