Flashcards in collapse ops sec 1-8 and add 2 Deck (45):
What agency is designated as the incident commander for collapse operations?
(T or F) Personnel from other agencies will be under control of the FDNY.
False. Personnel from other agencies will be under control of THEIR superior officer/supervisor, who shall report to the incident command post for instructions.(2.2)
Who determines when an area is safe to permit personnel of other agencies, who will be coordinated through OEM, into an area to begin the process of restoration and recovery?
What are the 6 objectives of the fire department during collapse operations?
1. extinguish any fire
2. conduct searches
3. locate and mitigate all hazards
4. install appropriate protective measures(e.g. shoring)
5. remove trapped victims
6. triage, treat and transport victims
What info should the first arriving units give to the dispatcher?
1. the address
2. the nature of the incident
3. the need for additional FDNY units or other agency resources
4. transmit a signal 10-60(major emerg. resp.)and when conditions warrant an additional alarm
5. location of ICP for response of fire,EMS, and PD supervisors
What shall be special calledto every major collapse if not on initial alarm?
one tower ladder(4.3)
What is the single most important consideration during the operation?
(T or F) NEVER enter ANY danger zones.
False. Do not enter any danger zones EXCEPT tosave life.(4.4.1)
At all explosions and major collapses who shall ensure the immediate area is monitored for the presence of radiological/chemical agents?
SOC units (4.4.1 note)
First arriving units shall examine the collapse site for dangers and take the necessary actions to prevent further injuries including:(4 things)
1. stretch hoselines to protect entire collapse area. Ensure a 3 1/2" line is stretched for tower ladder use
2. control utilities by shutting down the main building service entrance controls, and ensure the dispatcher has requested response of utility company's emergency crews.
3. remove lightly buried victims and deliver to medical group. CFR-D engines CAN assist ems
4. examine premise for hazardous occupancies or processes(4.4.2)
What should initial rescue actions concentrate on?
initial rescue actions should concentrate on removing able-bodied(ambulatory) and surface or lightly buried persons from immediate danger(4.7)
Non-essential units should not block the street. What apparatus should be positioned on the street?
Only apparatus authorized by the IC(5.2)
How should first alarm engine companies position themselves?
To protect the occupants and rescuers against the threat of fire.(5.3) If possible, both 1st and 2nd engines should take seperate ehydrants outside the block,each on seperate mains, and prepare to supply handlines and a large caliber tower ladder stream. The 3rd and 4th engines should take similar positions at rear of structure(5.3.1)
1. How should 2 of the 2nd alarm engine companies be used?
2. What do the chauffeurs of these engines do?
3. Where should remaining engine companies be positioned?
1. They should be used to seal off the ends of the street.
2. The chaufeurs of these units must remain in the cab, able to move the apparatus if directed by the IC.
3. Well away from the scene, for they will probably be responding for personnel needs only
Where should tower ladders be placed?
In front of collapsed structure outside of the collapse danger zone(5.4.1) Initially 1st arriving TL should be only unit in front of collapsed building. Unless there is a specific need for additional units. Subsequent TL should be positioned to reach and protect a different exposure.
What other unit should place their apparatus out of the collapse danger zone but as close to building as possible?
Rescue companies....To provide immediate access to specialized tools and equipment.(5.5)
In order of highest to least priority, first alarm engine companies are to:(notes not a question)
* extinguish active fire
*extinguish burning buildings within vicinity of collapse
*no active fire then stretch and charge a 2 1/2 precautionary line to cover entire operation. in addition stretch a 3 1/2 inch line to supply 1st TL on scene.
*at suspected terrorist event, 2 1/2 inch lines should be located between two apparatus, or other substantial shielding, to protect personnel from secondary blast.(7.1.1)
What is responsibility of 1st arriving engine?
Who ensures that a 3 1/2 inch supply line is stretched to first tower ladder?
second arriving engine(7.3.1)
2nd engine ENSURES it
1st engine CONSIDERS it
The 1st engine stretches what size line and how much upon arrival?
2 1/2 inch line with sufficient length to cover entire site.(7.2.1)
What is responsibility of 1st arriving engine officer?
*supervise water supply activities/app. placement
*coordinate ops. with 1st ladder officer
*stretch 2 1/2 handline of sufficient length to cover entire site
*CONSIDER stretching 3 1/2 to supply tower ladder(7.2.1)
What do first arriving engine members do?
*position and operate handline as ordered
*remain together as a unit unless otherwise ordered by IC(7.2.2)
Responsibility of 2nd arriving engine officer?
*obtain briefing from the IC and/or first arriving engine company officer
*supervise app. placement
*ENSURE a 3 1/2 line stretched to first tower ladder(7.3)
duties of 2nd to arrive engine members?
*assist 1st engine with initial handlines and tower ladder supply
*remain as a unit unless otherwise ordered by IC
* if necessary members of second engine may perform CFR-D duties(7.4)
Duties of third and subsequent arriving engines?
*under direction of IC, third and any subsequent arriving engines will be utilized to perform the following:
- fire control
- stretching add. hand lines
- augmenting the water supply to first alarm units
- perform CFR-D duties
- assist in removal of lightly buried victims
duty of first arriving ladder officer?
*obtain briefing from IC
*supervise app. placement
NOTE: officers have option of splitting company into separate teams(7.5.1)
Duties of first ladder to arrive members?
- scene survey
-hazard assessment and control
-remove surface victims
-perform preliminary void search
-victims brought /directed to a casualty collection point(CCP) (7.5.2)
what should the second to arrive ladder company do upon arrival?
immediately begin the process of controlling the gas, electric, and water services.(7.6)
duties of second to arrive ladder officer?
*obtain briefing from IC
*supervise app. placement
*ENSURE dispatcher notified the utility company emergency crews(7.6.1)
duties of 2nd to arrive ladder company members?
- assist with life safety if necessary
- major priority is controlling gas,electric, and water services(7.6.2)
duties of third and subsequent arriving ladder companies?
*search additional line of site void spaces or exposures
*assist with control of the utilities if needed
*perform debris removal as directed
*cut timbers for shoring as directed
*assist with victim removal
Tower ladders can be used to:(note not a question)
*provide large caliber stream to protect victims and rescuers from fire
*aid in rescuing victims
*transport heavy tools
*allow rescuers to traverse unstable debris, survey the collapse, access remote areas and act as a work platform for shoring, breaching, etc.
*provide close-up observation and monitoring of the remaining structure for signs of secondary collapse.(7.8.2)
What is the signal for a major emergency response?
what is the full response when 10-60 is transmitted?(who is on the ticket)
LMFAO..........don't need to know that
why is the search assessment marking system used?
To denote information about the search of a premise or area relating to victim location and status(add 2,1.1)
When are the markings used?
when searching large MD's, large areas of buildings, or large debris piles at collapse sites(add 2, 1.2)
What do the markings do?
*they define hazards and hazardous conditions in the building and/or areas searched for info of later arriving personnel
*indicate a search is in progress or has been completed. this avoids duplication of searches(add 2, 1.3&1.4)
1. how big are the markings for the search assessment marking system and what does it look like?
2. How are these marks made?
1. They consist of 2" x 2" markings that when completed will form the letter X with designated makings in each quadrant (add 2, 2.1)
2. With the same lime-yellow colored reflective spray paint used to mark vacant buildings(add 2 (2.2)
How many cans of lime-yellow colored reflective spray paint are to be carried on ALL apparatus?
two (add 2, 2.3)
1. How is the "x" constructed when using search assessment marking system?
2. where are these markings made?
1. One slash drawn upon entry into structure,room, or hallway inside the structure. a second slash is made upon exiting that area.(add 2 3.1)
2. at the point the unit/team makes entry
When making your first slash upon entry what other info needs to be marked?
unit identity(add 2, 4.1) in left quadrant
The "x" that is formed when marking areas provides 4 quadrants. what info goes in each one?
left=company/team designation given at command post
top= time and date company LEFT structure
right= personal hazards to units/teams
bottom= number of live and/or expired victims still inside structure/area. "0" = no victims
what must be done when searches are completed?
results of all searches shall be relayed to the command post or officer in charge of that sector/area when search is completed.(add2, 4 notes)
1. You come across a large "V" approximately 2, in height during searches. What does this mean?
2. What if there was an arrow painted next to the "V"?
3. If the "V" has a circle around it what does this tell you?
4. What does a horizontal line through the middle of the "V" mean?
1. A large "V" is indicates a location of a nearby known or potential victim.
2. An arrow points toward the victims location.
3. The circle around the "V" means the location of a potential victim has been confirmed either visually, vocally or by hearing sounds that would indicate a high probability of a victim.
4. victim is confirmed deceased(add 2, 5)