Bacterial Growth and Genetics Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals of Molecular Medicine > Bacterial Growth and Genetics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bacterial Growth and Genetics Deck (49):
1

 

 

 

Objectives

2

 

 

 

Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cells

3

 

 

 

Growth and Metabolism in Human vs. Prokaryotic Cells

4

 

 

 

Replication of a Bacterial Chromosome

5

 

 

 

Polycistronic mRNA

6

 

 

 

Basic Neutrients Required by Pathogenic Microorganisms

7

 

 

 

Sterile Technique

8

 

 

 

Growth of Bacteria on Agar or Liquid Broth Culture

9

 

 

 

Equation for Bacterial Growth

10

 

 

 

Simplistic method for Bacterial Growth

11

 

 

 

Growth of Bacterial Colonies

12

 

 

 

Kinetics of Bacterial Growth in Liquids

13

 

 

 

3 Major Types of Bacteria Energy Aquisition

14

 

 

 

Oxygen Derived Toxic Metabolites

15

 

 

 

Aerobic Growth 

16

 

 

 

Anaerobic Bacterial Growth 

17

 

 

 

Metabolites and Bacterium

18

 

 

 

End Product of Bacterial Growth 

 

 

Anaerobic Infection — smells putrid to anaerobic fermentation that causes anaerobic organic compounds to be released

19

 

 

 

Facultative Bacterial Growth

20

 

 

 

Exogenous vs. Endogenous Infection

21

 

 

 

Clostridium Difficile

22

 

 

 

Objectives for Bacterial Genetics

23

 

 

 

Bacterial Adaptation 

24

 

 

 

Rapid Growth and High Numbers

25

 

 

 

Genetic Perspective of Bacterial Adaptation 

26

 

 

 

Genetic Exchange in Bacteria

27

 

 

 

What are Bacteriophages?

28

 

 

 

Features of Bacteriophages

29

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

 

Lytic vs. Lysogenic Cycle

31

 

 

 

Lytic Phage

32

 

 

 

Phage Lysogeny 

33

 

 

 

Bacterial Plasmids

34

 

 

 

Cell Replication vs. Plasmid Integration

35

 

 

 

Transposons

36

 

 

 

Transformation 

37

 

 

 

Transformation of Plasmids

38

 

 

 

Transduction

39

 

 

 

Adsorption

 

 

 

Look it up

40

 

 

 

Conjugation 

41

 

 

 

Conjugation 

42

 

 

 

Consequences of Transposition (Different than earlier slide) 

43

 

 

 

Summary of Genetic Exchange Mechanisms

44

 

 

 

Examples of Virulence Factors

45

 

 

 

Antibacterial Agents and Resistance

46

 

 

 

Conjugation. 

47

 

 

 

Transduction

48

 

 

 

Can transposons be transferred by this mechanism?

F- Factor is what?

 

 

 

Can transposons be transferred by this mechanism? Yes

F- Factor is what? Plasmid.

49

 

 

 

What is this process called?

 

 

 

Transduction. 

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