Chemistry of Life Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals of Molecular Medicine > Chemistry of Life > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chemistry of Life Deck (64):
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Fundamentals of Molecular Medicine

 

1. DNA Synthesis and Function

2. RNA Synthesis and Function

3. Protein Synthesis and Function

4. Membrane channels & Ionic Movements

5. Receptors and Signal Transduction

6. Genetic Past & Genetic Future

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Fundamental of Cellular Medicine

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Matter

Proteins

Nucleic Acids

Phospholipids

ATP

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Electrons

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Ionizing Radiation

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Another form of Ionizing Radiation 

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Ionizing Radation in Medicine

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Ultraviolet Radiation

Effect of UV Radiation

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How much is one mole?

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What is one molar?

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Electrons, Protons, and Atomic Weight

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One Molar of NaCl

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0.14 molar NaCl

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Normal Serum Electrolyte Reference Ranges "normal ranges"

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mmols vs. mEq

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What unit are Albumin Levels?

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What unit to describe calcium levels

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What unit describes glucose levels

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What 2 units describes ethanol levels?

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Equation for pH

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Describe the significance of pH=0 and pH=14

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Describe the basicitiy and acidity of common household items.

Describe in words what pH means.

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What are the elements that comprise the human body?

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What elements lead to pathology in humans?

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What elements are used to treat disease?

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Where are proteins mainly found?

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What are the functions of proteins and what tasks do they perform in the human body?

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Variation in size of proteins

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Examples of Different Proteins related to their tasks

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Enzyme Hexokinase

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Transcription Factor

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Structural Classifications of Proteins

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Secondary Structure

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Interactions comprising secondary structure

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Primary structure. Which terminus comes first?

 

 

 

Amino acids

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Primary structure is comprised of which atoms?

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How are amino acids classified/distinguished?

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Draw out Amino-Terminus and Carboxy Terminus and their correct order.

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Which components join together to form proteins?

What is this process called and what drives it?

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Relative to the protein where do many hydrophobic amino acids find themselves?

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Role of hydrophobic amino acids

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What is cysteine and what is its role/function?

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Draw out Cysteine forming a Disulfide bond

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What is the charge of Aspartate?

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What is the charge of lysine?

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What type of interaction do amino acids like aspartate and lysine exhibit?

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Draw serine out and what functional group does it contain?

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Explain the process and significance of phosphorylation.

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What is the significance of kinases and phosphatases? What are the outcomes of their activity?

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What are catalysts?

What is their role regarding the transition state?

Where are they generally located?

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What levels of protein structure do enzymes often exhibit?

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Where does a substrate bind?

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Describe the induced fit model and its subsequent feedback inhibition

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Explain competitive product inhibition

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Allosteric site and allosteric activator/inhibitor

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Multiple levels of regulation in metabolic pathways

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Draw a model of allosteric activation/inhibition

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What is a co-factor?

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What elements make up enzymes?

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Coenzymes

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Coenzymes in telomerase formation

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What are nucleic acids and where do they generally make proteins?

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Role of Phospholipids

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Role of ATP

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Decks in Fundamentals of Molecular Medicine Class (77):