9.19 Injury, Inflammation, Healing 4 Flashcards Preview

8501 Clin Med > 9.19 Injury, Inflammation, Healing 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.19 Injury, Inflammation, Healing 4 Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

acute inflammation phase: time frame

1-6 days

2

Functions of the inflammatory response

- inactivate injurious agent
- break down/remove dead cells
- initiate healing of tissue

3

acute inflammation outcomes

- complete resolution and restoration of normal tissue structure
- healing with scar formation
- mild tissue damage

4

cardinal signs of inflammation

- calor (heat)
- rubor (erythema)
- tumor (edema)
- dolor (pain)
- functio-laesa (loss of function)

5

hyperemia

increased blood flow (redness, erythema)

6

swelling caused by

increased permeability of cells and vasodilation

7

If swelling with blood, called

ecchymosis

8

What is chronic inflammation?

- progression of active inflammation
- inflammation lasting 2 weeks or longer

9

Chronic inflammation results in

tissue destruction

10

Chronic inflammation is often related to

unsuccessful acute inflammatory response

11

tendonitis vs. tendinosis

- itis: no tendon damage, just acute inflammatory process

- osis: tendon is damaged

12

causes of chronic inflammation

- high lipid and wax content of a microorganism
- ability to survive inside the macrophage
- toxins
- chemicals, particulate matter, physical irritants

Decks in 8501 Clin Med Class (102):