Screening 1 Flashcards Preview

8501 Clin Med > Screening 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Screening 1 Deck (23):
1

What do erythrocytes do for tissue?

- carry O2 to tissue
- take away CO2

2

Leukocytes are responsible for these (broad categories) responses

- inflammatory
- immune

3

What is the function of plasma?

- carries antibodies and nutrients to tissues
- removes wastes

4

These (from plasma) control clotting

- platelets
- coagulation factors

5

More common to have a (primary/secondary) hematological disease

Secondary

6

May often see neuro complications from this blood disorder as a PT

Pernicious anemia

7

Hematologic considerations for the orthopedic populations

- bleeding (hemostasis)
- clotting (hypo- or hypercoagulation disorders)

8

This type of pt requires close supervision

Ortho pts with hematological disorder

9

Often see hematological complications as a result of:

- use of NSAIDs for inflammatory conditions
- chemotherapy/radiation

10

In addition to bleeding problems, surgical pts also require this

If immobilized, also require observation for DVT

11

What are some s/s of hematological disorders you should pick up on?

- exaggerated response to minimal exercise
- neuro sx
- skin and fingernail bed changes
- easy bruising
- bleeding in skin, gums, or mucous membranes
- severe swelling, pain in joints

12

Exaggerated responses to minimal exercise

- dyspnea
- chest pain
- palpitations
- severe weakness
- fatigue

13

Neuro sx to pick up on with hematological disorders

- HA
- drowsiness
- dizziness
- syncope
- polyneuropathy

14

Skin and fingernail changes to pick up on with hematological disorders

- cyanosis
- clubbing

15

When is bleeding in skin, gums, or mucous membranes a potential red flag?

No report of trauma

16

Which of the s/s addressed is an extremely important, life threatening indicator of a bleeding disorder?

Severe swelling, pain in joints

17

Types of meds that commonly impact bleeding

- steroids
- NSAIDs
- chemotherapy/RA tx

18

Why are steroids and NSAIDs a concern with bleeding?

- Gastritis, peptic ulcer with bleeding
- resultant iron-deficiency anemia

19

Blood problems associated with chemotherapy and RA tx

- leukopenia
- thrombocytopenia

20

(Leukopenia/thrombocytopenia) is a common result of cancer tx

Leukopenia

21

Leukopenia commonly produces sx similar to

Infections

22

Leukopenia: common s/s

- fever
- chills
- tissue inflammation
- mucous membrane ulcerations

23

Thrombocytopenia is associated with:

- easy bruising
- spontaneous bleeding

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