Flashcards in Screening 1 Deck (23):
What do erythrocytes do for tissue?
- carry O2 to tissue
- take away CO2
Leukocytes are responsible for these (broad categories) responses
What is the function of plasma?
- carries antibodies and nutrients to tissues
- removes wastes
These (from plasma) control clotting
- coagulation factors
More common to have a (primary/secondary) hematological disease
May often see neuro complications from this blood disorder as a PT
Hematologic considerations for the orthopedic populations
- bleeding (hemostasis)
- clotting (hypo- or hypercoagulation disorders)
This type of pt requires close supervision
Ortho pts with hematological disorder
Often see hematological complications as a result of:
- use of NSAIDs for inflammatory conditions
In addition to bleeding problems, surgical pts also require this
If immobilized, also require observation for DVT
What are some s/s of hematological disorders you should pick up on?
- exaggerated response to minimal exercise
- neuro sx
- skin and fingernail bed changes
- easy bruising
- bleeding in skin, gums, or mucous membranes
- severe swelling, pain in joints
Exaggerated responses to minimal exercise
- chest pain
- severe weakness
Neuro sx to pick up on with hematological disorders
Skin and fingernail changes to pick up on with hematological disorders
When is bleeding in skin, gums, or mucous membranes a potential red flag?
No report of trauma
Which of the s/s addressed is an extremely important, life threatening indicator of a bleeding disorder?
Severe swelling, pain in joints
Types of meds that commonly impact bleeding
- chemotherapy/RA tx
Why are steroids and NSAIDs a concern with bleeding?
- Gastritis, peptic ulcer with bleeding
- resultant iron-deficiency anemia
Blood problems associated with chemotherapy and RA tx
(Leukopenia/thrombocytopenia) is a common result of cancer tx
Leukopenia commonly produces sx similar to
Leukopenia: common s/s
- tissue inflammation
- mucous membrane ulcerations