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Flashcards in Study Guide 2 Deck (20)
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1

SSRi side effects

- relatively few
- usually just GI issues

2

SNRI side effects

- relatively mild
- usually just GI distress

3

Side effects of tricyclics

- cardiac
- increased suicide risk
- drug interactions
- sedation, lethargy, muscle weakness
- confusion, delirium
- peripheral anticholinergic effects

4

Why are confusion and delirium side effects of tricyclics?

Central acetylcholine is blocked

5

What are the peripheral anticholinergic effects of tricyclics?

- dry mouth
- constipation
- urine retention
- confusion
- tachycardia

6

What are some of the cardiac effects caused by tricyclics?

- arrhythmias
- orthostatic hypotension

7

Potential immune issues with tricyclics

Bone marrow depression

8

Tricyclics have a high potential for interactions with these types of drugs

Cardiovascular drugs

9

MAOIs and side effects

Comes with high risk of side effects
- increased BP
- drug/food interactions

10

Lithium has a tendency to do this

Accumulate in the body

11

Problems that can arise from lithium accumulation in the body

- seizures
- muscle weakness
- lethargy

12

Antipsychotic drugs that carry lower risk of side effects (category)

Atypical antipsychotics

13

What are potential side effects of atypical antipsychotics?

- weight gain
- increased plasma lipids
- DM

14

What are the benefits of using atypical antipsychotics to treat pts?

- lower incidence of relapse
- fewer side effects, especially mvt and motor disorders

15

This may occur during the first stages following administration of antipsychotic drugs (all types)

Orthostatic hypotension

16

Side effects of all antipsychotic drugs:

- sedation
- orthostatic hypotension
- extrapyramidal effects
- anticholinergic effects
- Tardive dyskinesia
- Pseudoparkinsonism
- Neuroleptic malignant syndrome

17

What are the extrapyramidal effects?

- tremor
- slurred speech
- constant motion
- dystonia
- anxiety
- distress
- paranoia
- sluggish thinking

18

What is Tardive dyskinesia characterized by?

Repetitive facial movements

19

What results from neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

- catatonic state
- stupor
- rigidity
- tremors
- fever

20

Major danger with neuroleptic malignant syndrome

May be fatal

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