9.7 Pharmacology 1 Flashcards Preview

8501 Clin Med > 9.7 Pharmacology 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.7 Pharmacology 1 Deck (20)
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1

How might knowing the drugs and how they affect the pt help you get the optimal response from tx?

- schedule when drug is at peak effect
- don't schedule therapy when drug is at peak effect
- avoid or control adverse interactions b/w therapy and drug

2

When might you want to have therapy when drug is at peak effect?

- analgesics for pain relief
- improvement of motor skills for neuro diseases like Parkinson's

3

What types of drugs would you not want to have at peak effect during therapy?

sedatives

4

Avoiding or controlling adverse interactions between therapy and drugs: example using pool therapy

peripheral dilators for HTN and a heated pool

5

pharmacology

study of:
- effects of drugs on the body
- effect of the body on drugs

6

pharmacotherapeutics

use of specific drugs to prevent, treat, or diagnose a disease

7

pharmacokinetics

how the body absorbs, distributes, and eliminates the drug

- How long does it take to work?
- How long will it last?

8

pharmacodynamics

analysis of what the drug does to the body

- How is pain relieved?
- Swelling?
- Temperature?

9

toxicology

study of harmful effects of chemicals

10

pharmacy

preparation and dispensing of medications

11

pharmacogenetics

- genetic bases for drug responses
- can vary widely from person to person

12

drug

chemical demonstrated effective for preventing or treating disease

13

types of drug names

- chemical name
- trade or brand name
- generic

14

chemical name

- non-proprietary
- no owner
- specific compound’s structure
- generally long names

15

Chemical names are usually only relevant to

manufacturers

16

trade or brand name

- owned by a company or companies
- copyrighted for 10 years
- assigned by the pharmaceutical company

17

It is most accurate to use the ______ name for a drug

generic

18

generic name is derived from the

chemical name

19

generic drug

- usually less expensive
- supposed to be bioequivalent to other brands

20

Even though a generic drug may be bioequivalent, what could be different?

patients may respond differently because

- some patients may respond differently because of their ability to absorb/metabolize generic products, especially if the drug has a wider range of therapeutic and adverse effects

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